R. Solomon ben Jehiel Luria (Maharshal, c. 1510-64), is known for his numerous schjolarly works on Talmud and halakhah. Of note, the Hokhmat Shelomo, emendations to the Talmud, now appended to all editions of the Talmud. Many of Marshal’s emendations, have been incorporated into the text of the Talmud, so that the development of our Talmud owes a great deal to Hokhmat Shelomo.
The Maharshal was descended from a distinguished family, tracing his lineage to Rashi. His teachers were his father R. Jehiel and his maternal grandfather, R. Isaac Klober of Posen. Luria served as rabbi and head of the yeshiva in Ostrog, leaving after twenty years for Brisk and subsequently becoming a rosh yeshivah in the yeshivah of Shalom Shachna. In 1567, Maharshal founded his own yeshivah. His students include R. Mordecai Jaffe (Levush), R. Joshua Falk (Derishah u-Perishah), and R. Hayyim ben Bezalel. Maharshal was known for his intellectual independence.