12:05:57


[Login]   
[Book List]  

PLEASE NOTE: All bidding for the auction currently underway
at our new website at www.virtualjudaica.com/
.

 
Bidding Information
Lot #    10845
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 10:50:13 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    A Jewish Calendar for Fifty Years
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Jacques J. Lyons, Abraham de Sola
City    Montreal
Publisher    John Lovell
Publication Date    1854
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 177, [1] pp., 184:109 mm., nice margins, usual age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary cloth boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   A Jewish calendar for 50 years containing detailed tables of the sabbaths, new moons, festivals and fasts, the torah portion, and corresponing secular dates from 5614(1854) - 5664(1904). Preceeded by an introductory essay on the Jewish calendar system, tables to continue the calculation for another century and list of haphtorot and weekly portions folowing the rites of Portuguese and German Jews.

An important list of Jewish religous and charitable institutions operating (pp.148-173) in the U.S., Canada, and the West Indies in 1854.

R. Abraham b. David Aaron de Sola (1825-1882) was a renowned rabbi, scholar, and lecturer whose popularity went far beyond the bounds of Montreal. Born in London to a prominent Sephardic Jewish family, one on 15 children, he gained recognition at a very young age for his writings on Eastern languages and literature, as well as on Jewish history and scripture. In 1847, at only twenty-two years of age, he moved to Canada to become the Rabbi of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish Congregation of Montreal, a community he continued to serve for thirty years. In 1853, McGill invited de Sola to become Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Literature, and later also appointed him Lecturer in Spanish Literature. The great popularity of his lectures is perhaps best demonstrated by an extraordinary invitation in 1872: he traveled to Washington, D.C. to deliver the prayer which opened that year’s session of the United States Congress. He was the first non-Christian theologian to perform this ceremony, and his speech was very well received.

R. Jacques Judah Lyons (1813–1877), hazzan, rabbi, and communal leader, was born in Surinam. He served as a hazzan of Congregation Neve Shalom in Paramaribo (1833–37). Emigrating to the United States, he served for two years as hazzan of Congregation Beth Shalom of Richmond, Virginia, and in 1839 began his ministry at the oldest Jewish congregation in the United States, the Spanish-Portuguese congregation Shearith Israel of New York City. Lyons, who was unyielding in his orthodoxy, served as superintendent of the Polonies Talmud Torah School attached to his congregation, as president of Hebra Hased va-Emet, the congregation's benevolent society, and as a director of the Sampson Simson Theological Fund, and was a founder of the Jews' Hospital. Lyons and Abraham de Sola of Montreal prepared and published A Jewish Calendar for Fifty Years (1854), including an essay on the Jewish calendar system and historical data about Jewish communities in the United States, Canada, and the West Indies. From before 1861 to the end of his life, Lyons gathered data and sources on the history of the Jews of the U.S. Although he died before completing the work, this collection was donated to and calendared by the American Jewish Historical Society and is a most significant source for students of early North American Jewish history.

Lyons is memorialized in the poem "Rosh Ha-Shanah, 5638" by his niece Emma Lazarus.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
2 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
  Order   Image   Caption
  1   Click to view full size  
  
  2   Click to view full size  
  
  
Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
America-South America:    Checked
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Other:    Calendar
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    English, Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica