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Bidding Information
Lot #    10879
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 11:18:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Mikhlol
Title (Hebrew)    מכלול
Author    R. David Kimhi (Radak)
City    Lyck
Publisher    Zevi Hirsch Petzell
Publication Date    1862
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of notes. [1], XII pp., 202 ff., 179:115 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, stamps. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed, lacks spine.
   With notes by R. Isaac b. Aaron Rittenberg.

A complete grammatical guide to the Hebrew language. Mikhlol, written in two sections; the grammatical portion (Helek ha-Dikduk) which itself came to be known as the Mikhlol (Constantinople, 1532), and the lexicon (Helek ha-Inyan) known independently as the Sefer ha-Shorashim (before 1480). Radak's purpose in composing the Mikhlol was to provide a middle ground between the lengthy and detailed treatises of R. Jonah ibn Janah and R. Judah b. David Hayyuj and the extreme brevity and concision of R. Abraham ibn Ezra and the elder Kimhis. His chief contribution in grammar lies in the arrangement of the material and the popularization of the innovations of his father and brother. These include the division of the vowels into five long and five short, the treatment of the nifal as the passive of the kal, the recognition of the dagesh lene, etc. Seeing himself only as a "gleaner after the reapers," Radak nevertheless made some original contributions, including his distinguishing of the vav consecutive (vav ha-sherut) from the vav conjunctive and his concern for the continued development of the language through the recognition of the legitimacy of post-biblical forms.

R. David Kimhi (known as Radak from the acronym of R abbi D avid K imhi; 1160?–1235?), grammarian and exegete of Narbonne, Provence. The son of R. Joseph Kimhi and brother and pupil of R. Moses Kimhi, R. David was a teacher in his native town and was active in public causes. He is known to have participated in the judgment (between 1205 and 1218) of several contentious persons from Barcelona who dishonored the memory of Rashi. During the Maimonidean controversy of 1232, he undertook a journey to Toledo to gain the support of R. Judah ibn Alfakhar for the Maimonideans. He was prevented from reaching his destination because of illness but his strong defense of Maimonides and the latter's followers together with Ibn Alfakhar's critique of Kimhi have been preserved in the correspondence between them (in Kovez Teshuvot ha-Rambam, Leipzig, 1859, pt. 3).

Paragraph 2    ... עם נמוקים שהוסיף... ר' אליהו אשכנזי... עם פרוש מר' משה בר' חיים הכהן העכים ... כמו שנדפס בפיורדא בשנת תקנ"ג ואני הצעיר יצחק בן אהרן ריטטענבערג מתושבי קאלוואריע הבאתיהו לביה"ד והוספתי א) הערות... ב) קונטרס אחרון בעשרה מאמרות ... מענינים העומדים ברום עולם הדקדוק... ג) הגהתיה ... עפ"י כ"י אשר תחת יד... שד"ל [שמואל דוד לוצאטו] הי"ו.ד) ועפ"י כ"י אשר היה ת"י... ר' שמחה פינסקער ... ה) הערות... מהחכם הנ"ל (ר' שמחה פינסקער)... בשנת כ'ד' ה'ק'מ'ח' לא ת'כ'לה' [תר"ב!]

עמ' VII-I: מכתבים (משנת תרכ"ב), מאת ר' יעקב צבי מעקלענבורג (הערה על ההברה האשכנזית), ר' שמואל דוד לוצאטו (עם הערות) ושמחה פינסקער (שני מכתבים עם הערות). במכתבו מצטט שד"ל מן "הספר... בעל כנפים [לר' יוסף בן חיים]", שנמצא בכתב-יד הנז', "קצת דברים מלוקטים... לדוגמא". דף קצה, א: שיר... הוי כל צמא, המיוחס כאו בטעות לר' משה העכים. הסכמה: ר' מרדכי ב"ר אשר קלאצקי, קאלוואריע, ב חנוכה תרכ"ב.

   CD - EPI 0164632; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Grammar
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica