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Bidding Information
Lot #    10887
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 11:44:04 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Derashot ha-Rosh
Title (Hebrew)    דרשות הרא'ש
Author    [Only Ed. - Polemic] R. Abraham Zwebner
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Sheinbaum & Weiss
Publication Date    1904
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 11, [2], 81 ff., 280:218 mm., usual age staining. A good copy bound in contemporary boards.
   Discourses by R. Abraham ben Judah Leib Shag Zwebner, a leading talmud of R. Moses Sofer. The title page, with a decorative frame, praises R. Shag and provides som biographical information about him and that, after half a yovel (twenty five years) as rav of Kobelsdorf “And Abraham hurried to the tent” (Genesis 18:6), relocating to Erez Israel. The verso of the title page has a table of contents for the homilies, of which there are eighty seven, on Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippurim, Shabbat Teshuvah, Hodesh Adar, Shabbat ha-Gadol, Hanukkat Beit ha-Knesset, Shavu’ot, dedication of a Sefer Torah, eulogies, and selihot. Next is R. Shag’s introduction, approbations from R. Simhah Bunim Sofer, and R. Hayyim Sonnefeld, an index of biblical and Talmudic sources, errata, the text. The final page has an open letter entitled נגד העצרת בוגדים... בעיר ברוינשווייג [19-12 יוני 1844].

R. Abraham ben Judah Leib Shag Zwebner (1801–1876), Hungarian rabbi. Shag was born in Galgoc and studied under R. Moses Sofer. He first served as rabbi in the small town of Czeszte and then in Kobelsdorf, one of the "seven communities" in Hungary. He was distinguished both for his keen intellect and his firm and upright character. He was a member of the Jewish Congress of 1869. He left behind many works, but only his Ohel Avraham (1881) response, and his Derashot ha-Rosh (1904) have been published. R. Shag was one of the rabbis in Hungary who raised his voice against the communal schism and published a proclamation on the subject in Ha-Maggid (1868). His followers did not like it and it was largely ignored. In 1873 R. Shag emigrated to Erez Israel, undoubtedly influenced by his teacher R. Moses Sofer. In 1846, when the Toleranz tax was abolished, he justified its original imposition on the grounds that unlike other settlers whose intention it was to become permanent citizens and enjoy citizens' rights, the Jew regards himself only as a temporary resident, since he is enjoined by his religion to await the coming of the Messiah, and hence should pay for his stay in the country. Moreover, the paying of the tax indicates the depth of his faith and his expectation of the imminent advent of the Messiah and it is fitting that he should pay for the right of residence.

Paragraph 2    חלק ראשון... דרש אותם... מו"ה אברהם שאג זצוק"ל... נכדיו (העושים... להוציא לאור)... מו"ה זלמן (ב"ר דוד) יוילוס... ומו"ה יחזקאל (ב"ר ליב) צוועבנער... [שנ'ת'] א'ם' כן איפוא קחו מזמרת הארש א'מ'"ו' ה'ג'א'ו'ן' ר' אב'ר'ה'ם' ש'א'ג זצוק"ל

שם הדפוס על-פי שושנה הלוי, רשימה ביבליוגראפית-בשעריך ירושלם, מאת ר' יודא אהרן סג"ל ווייס, ירושל תש"ט, עמ' 298, מס' 6. עמ' אחרון: מכתב גלוי נגד העצרת בוגדים... בעיר ברוינשווייג [19-12 יוני 1844], בחתימת המחבר. נדפס תחילה בתוך ספר "קנאת ציון", אמשטרדם תר"ו, דף לג, בשינויים. לא נדפס יותר. מליצת [הסכמות]: ר' שמחה בונם סופר אבדק"ק פרעסבורג, מרחץ מעדלינג, ה שופטים תרס"ד; ר' יוסף חיים זאננענפעלד, ירושלים.

   BE daled 1385; M. Stein (ed.), Magyar rabbik, 1 (1905), 36f.; S. Weingarten, He-Hatam Sofer ve-Talmidav (1945), 107–11; I. D. Shag, Lappid Esh (1954), CD-EPI 0160507
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Homiletics:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica