||Full color reproduction of the haggadah with an reproduced introductory volume of essays.
The Bird's Head Haggada (Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Ms. 180/57). So named because many of the human figures are depicted with birds' heads, this is probably the oldest surviving Ashkenazi illuminated Haggadah manuscript. It was copied in the south of Germany late in the 13th century by a scribe named Isaac who also copied the first volume of the Leipzig Mahzor. Its illumination consists mainly of marginal text illustrations, depicting historical scenes from Exodus, and ritual as well as eschatological scenes. The style of the illumination, the bright colors, and the decorative motifs, though somewhat primitive, indicate its Upper Rhenish origin. Its name is imprecise because the artist uses other methods of human distortion, such as a boy with a bulbous nose, angels with blank faces, and Egyptians in helmets with lowered visors.