||On the dispute over etrogim in Shevi’is in Erez Israel by R. Isaac Jehiel ha-Kohen Gross. The title page states that it explains the critical work written concerning the work of R. Joel Teitelbaum. It is dated in the year תשיט shemittah השמיטה (1959). There is an introductory letter from R. Gross and approbations from R. Jacob Israel Kanievsky (Steipler, 1899–1985) and R. Benjamin Mendelsohn, followed by the text. The issue of shemittah concerns the Sabbatical year (seventh year in the cycle) when, according to the Bible, all land has to be fallow and debts remitted (Ex. 23:10–11; Lev. 25:1–7, 18–22; Deut. 15:1–11). Because of difficulties facing settlers leniencies were found permitting the sale of land to Arabs so that the settlers could continue to work the land. However, before the Sabbatical Year of 1910, the controversy regarding the sale of the land to Muslims revived. R. Abraham Isaac Kook, then the chief rabbi of Jaffa, was the leading proponent of the sale, while R. Jacob David Willowsky of Safed opposed it. During the ensuing shemittah years, the chief rabbinate of Erez Israel continued to abide by the lenient ruling, although there was always opposition to its decisions. Most prominent among the opponents was R. Abraham Isaiah Karelitz (Hazon Ish, 1878-1953) of Bene-Berak. Among the works addressed in Milhamot Mizvah are kunteres three teshuvot by R. Joel Teitelbaum of Satmar (Brooklyn, 1953). The text is comprised of 114 numbered paragraphs followed by correspondence of R. Gross.
R. Joel Teitelbaum of Satmar (1888–1979), served in communities in the Carpathians and northern Transylvania, and from 1928 at Satmar (Satu Mare). He became involved there in fierce controversies with both Zionist circles and Hasidim attached to other zaddikim, who violently opposed him. During the Holocaust, in 1944, he was saved in the rescue train arranged through R. R. Kasztner and from Bergen-Belsen reached Erez Israel. In 1947 he settled in the Williamsburg quarter of Brooklyn, New York, which was the center of a hasidic congregation that continued the way of life of a hasidic town in Hungary. R. Teitelbaum continued to be one of the most vigorous opponents of Zionism and the State of Israel, and engaged in intensive activity against the latter both in Israel and abroad, in his writings and sermons, and by demonstrations. While his opposition to Zionism and the State of Israel was based on halakhic grounds, most of which had been raised from the beginning of the Zionist movement, he added objections to the way of life and the social and political order in Israel, which in his opinion contradict the principles of halakhah. According to R. Teitelbaum, Zionism and the establishment of the State of Israel constitutes a violation of the three oaths which the people of Israel was made to swear (see Ket. 3). This has delayed the coming of the Messiah and complete redemption, and resulted in all the troubles affecting the Jewish people in the 20th century. The Holocaust also was a punishment for the sins of Zionism and the State of Israel. Hence R. Teitelbaum denounced the secular character of the state, objecting to its democratic regime and legislature as not being founded on halakhah. An eminent scholar and sharp polemicist, R. Teitelbaum combined extreme fanaticism with a forceful personality. His public stand and at time his actions gave rise to much dissension and opposition. He succeeded in gathering round him a large hasidic community, exercising authority over his Hasidim even in matters which were really political. His discourses and sermons, mainly devoted to an explanation of his position on various matters, could be regarded for the most part as polemics against the State of Israel.
||נתבארו השגיאות שכתב המערער על המהר"י ט"ב [ר' יואל טייטלבוים], מאת יצחק יחיאל הכהן גראסס ...
נגד השגותיו של ר' אלעזר הכהן כהנאוו בספרו תורת השביעית, נוא יארק תשט"ו, על קונטרס שלש תשובות של ר' יואל טייטלבוים, ברוקלין תשי"ג, בעניין אתרוגי ארץ ישראל בשנת השמיטה. הסכמות: ר' יעקב ישראל קניבסקי, [בני-ברק], ה שופטים תשי"ז;
ר' בנימין מנדלזון, קוממיות, א מטות ומסעי תשי"ח.