14:19:10


[Login]   
[Book List]  

PLEASE NOTE: All bidding for the auction currently underway
at our new website at www.virtualjudaica.com/
.

 
Bidding Information
Lot #    10934
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 12:13:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Tikkun Sofrim
Title (Hebrew)    תקון סופרים
Author    [Bible - Pentateuch]
City    Vienna
Publisher    Franz Edlen von Schmid und J. J. Busch
Publication Date    1840
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Five volumes. 165:102 mm., light age staining, nice margins. A very good set bount in contemporary cloth boards, tooled in gild, spine color faded.
          
Detailed
Description
   Pentateuch with tikkun, changes in the text of the Bible made by the early soferim in places which are offensive or show lack of respect to G-d. Ezra is the first to be referred to as a sofer in the Bible. This designation signifies not merely someone expert in the art of writing but also the scholar versed in the Torah. The members of the Great Synagogue were also soferim, and the rabbis attribute to them 18 such tikkunim. These are enumerated in Midrash Tanhuma and Midrash Rabbah, and Rashi in his commentary on the Bible quotes eight of them on the relevant passages. Midrash Tanhuma begins with the verse: "He that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye" (Zech. 2:12); it should have said "My eye," but the Bible puts it in the third person to avoid referring it to G-d, this being a tikkun soferim of the men of the Great Synagogue. On completing the listing of these verses in the Bible, Midrash Tanhuma continues: "but the men of the Great Synagogue altered these verses. And that is why they were called soferim, because they counted [Heb. sofer] all the letters of the Bible and expounded them." Similarly in Ezekiel 8:17, "Lo, they put the branch to His nose," was adjusted to "their nose." Again with the verse (Gen. 18:22) "but Abraham stood yet before the L-rd." R. Simeon said: "This is a tikkun soferim, for the Shekhinah was actually waiting for Abraham and it should really have read: 'And the Lord stood yet before Abraham.' Similarly the verse (Num. 11:15) 'And if thou deal thus with me, kill me, I pray thee, out of hand, if I have found favor in thy sight; and let me not look upon my wretchedness' should have read 'their wretchedness.'" Rashi (ad loc.) comments: "This is one of the verses where the soferim adjusted the language of the Bible. It should have been written 'and they condemned the Omnipresent by their silence,' but the text was amended. Also: 'Thus they exchanged their glory for the likness of an ox' [Ps. 106:20] should have been written 'His glory' but it was amended." .
          
Paragraph 2    והוא חמשה חומשי תורה עם הפטרות... כמנהג כל הקהילות [הספרדים בלבד]. מוגה... על פי ספר אור תורה [מאת ר' מנחם די לונזאנו, אמשטרדם תי"ט] ומנחת שי [לר' ידידיה שלמה רפאל נורצי] ותקון סופרים מר' שלמה דובנא... (V-I Tom).

צו; קד [2]; פ; צ; צ דף.בראש כל כרך שני שערים, בשני שם הספר בלבד. בסוף כל ספר המגילות ואחריהן ההפטרות (עם הברכות). בחלק V-II ניתן גם שער מיוחד, משותף למגילות ולהפטרות. בשולי הדפים של החומש ניתן מנין המצוות. בסוף ספר שמות (דף [1,ב-2]): לוח קריאת פרשיות המועדים. בסוף ויקרא (דף פ,א): שמות הטעמים לפי סדר האיטליאני... האשכנזים... הספרדים.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0305249; EJ
        
Associated Images
3 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
  Order   Image   Caption
  1   Click to view full size  
  
  2   Click to view full size  
  
  3   Click to view full size  
  
  
Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Austria
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica