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Bidding Information
Lot #    11002
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 1:21:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sod Ha-Shem
Title (Hebrew)    '
Author    [Liturgy] R. David ben Aryeh Leib of Lida
City    Vienna
Publisher    Joh. Schlesinger
Publication Date    1896
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   78, [1] pp. plus added title wrappers, 196:123 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound as published.
          
Detailed
Description
   Three part work on brit milah by R. David ben Aryeh Leib of Lida. The title page notes that it is Sod HaShem with Sharbit ha-Zahav (commentary on Sod HaShem) and the book Brit HaShem by R. David of Lida who was av bet din in Amsterdam. Many denim and halakhot have been added from later poskim. The book has been arranged anew and printed with all the benedictions and tefilot of the mohel in large letters according to the custom of Poland and Ashkenaz, which are facing each other. Sod HaShem begins with a tefilah to be said the night prior to the circumcision followed by prayers to be said by the mohel prior to the milah. Next is Sod HaShem, a treatise on milah set in square letters with the commentary Sharbit ha-Zahav immediately below it in rabbinic letters. Included are halakhot related to the milah. Birkhat ha-Mazon follows with the variations between minhag Poland and Ashkenaz. The volume is completed with Brit HaShem which is in Yiddish and comprised of thirty nine numbered paragraphs set in square letters.

R. David Ben Aryeh Leib Of Lida (c. 16501696), rabbi and author; nephew of Moses b. Zevi Naphtali Rivkes. He studied under Joshua Hoeschel b. Jacob of Cracow, and in 1671 was called to the rabbinate in Lida. Subsequently he officiated as rabbi of Ostrog, Mainz (1677), and of the Ashkenazi community of Amsterdam (1681). There he was accused of Shabbatean leanings as well as of literary plagiarism in connection with his Migdal David, a commentary on the Book of Ruth (1680) which some ascribed to Hayyim b. Abraham ha-Kohen. After being dismissed from his position, David returned to Poland, where he presented his case to the Council of the Four Lands and aired it in a pamphlet entitled Be'er Esek ("Well of Contention," 1684). The Polish rabbinate vindicated him and demanded his reinstatement. On his return to Amsterdam, however, his case was raised again, this time by the Sephardi rabbis, who subsequently likewise vindicated him. He returned to Poland shortly thereafter and died in Lvov. He was the author of numerous homiletic and kabbalistic works, including Sod Adonai (1680), on circumcision; Shomer Shabbat (1687), on the Shabbat and Ir Miklat (1690), on the 613 commandments. A collection of 14 of his compositions was published under the title Yad Kol Bo in 1727. Another work on the Shulhan Arukh Orah Hayyim remains in manuscript. It is now clear that his first work, an ethical treatise, Divrei David (1671), was drawn from other sources, while the Asarah Hillulim, a commentary on Psalms (included in Yad Kol Bo), was incorrectly attributed to David by the publishers, having been taken from the commentary on Psalms by the Christian scholar, H. J. Bashuysen. Much of the controversy which centered around David stemmed from his militancy and aggressiveness. Among his severest critics was R. Jacob Emden.

          
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Reference
Description
   EJ; Heller, Shofar 19:2 pp. 117-28; JE; CD-EPI 0125191
        
Associated Images
No images are associated with this listing
  
Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Austria
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew, Yiddish
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica