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Bidding Information
Lot #    11028
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 1:47:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Nofet Zufim
Title (Hebrew)    נופת צופים
Author    R. Judah ben Jehiel, Messer Leon
City    Vienna
Publisher    Bendinner & Schlossberg
Publication Date    1863
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [4], 207, [1] pp., 215:147 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in the original cloth boards, rubbed.
   Attractive edition of the classic work on rhetoric by R. Judah ben Jehiel Messer Leon, with an afterward on the rules of interpreting aggadah from Dr. A. Jellinek, who was responsible for publishing this volume. Nofet Zufim, is a Hebrew rhetorical work based on the rhetorical rules of Aristotle (or his commentators), Cicero, and Quintilian. This edition has a half-title page, and artistic German and Hebrew title pages, printred with the title in red within a green leaf border and below, the name of Isaac Noah Mannerheim, to whom this edition is dedicated, in gilt. The verso of the Hebrew title page has a paragraphs on Messer Leon, followed by an introduction discussing Nofet Zufim, and then the text, whichis in a single column in square letters, all within a single line border. The volume concludes with Jellinek’s rules of interpreting aggadah.

R. Judah ben Jehiel Messer Leon (15th century) was a noted rabbi and prolific author. The place and the year of Judah's birth are unknown. It is possible that his native city was Mantua, where he was the head of a yeshivah. He was a typical representative of the Jewish humanism of the Renaissance. Judah received a broad and thorough Jewish and general education; he studied classical Latin literature, and evinced a special interest in the Latin works of antiquity that had been rediscovered in his day, such as Quintilian's Institutio oratoria. He was familiar with Greek and Arabic literatures, however, only from translations. Although it has often been doubted, he seems to have been in possession of a medical diploma. The controversy between him and R. Joseph Colon in Mantua split the Jewish community, and the duke of Mantua felt compelled to banish both adversaries from the city. M. Steinschneider surmises that the cause of the conflict was a question of halakhah, as to whether it was permissable to wear the garb of the Italian scholars, the cappa. Graetz saw the cause of the dispute in the clash between the strict orthodoxy of Colon and the progressive views of Judah. Both assumptions have been shown by M. A. Szulwas to be without foundation: Colon (Maharik, Resp. nos. 88, 149) did not at all forbid the wearing of the cappa; and the difference in their respective views could not have been so great, since in 1455 Judah sought to prohibit the study of R. Levi b. Gershom's commentary on the Torah under threat of excommunication; he also attempted to impose on the Italian communities certain strict halakhic rules. Szulwas assumes that it was probably Judah's claim to be the authority for all communities in Italy that was the cause of his dispute with Colon 20 years later. The honorific title Messer appears to have been bestowed upon Judah either by the pope or by the emperor. He lived for some time in Venice (1472), Bologna, Ancona, and Naples (as early as 1480). In Naples, he was head of the yeshivah. The place and year of his death are unknown. (1820/21–1893) was a preacher and scholar. After attending the yeshivah of R. Menahem Katz (Wannfried) in Prostejov (Prossnitz), in 1838 he moved to Prague where he was influenced by R. Solomon Judah Rapoport, Michael Jehiel Sachs, and Wolfgang Wessely. Moving to Leipzig in 1842, he studied philosophy and Semitics at the university there, assisted Julius Fuerst in editing the Orient, and in 1845 was appointed preacher in the new synagogue which was established under the guidance of Zacharias Frankel. Although he opposed the radical views of his brother, Herman Jellinek, he enthusiastically hailed the freedom resulting from the 1848 revolution. Together with Christian clergymen he then founded the Kirchlicher Verein fuer alle Religionsbekenntnisse, an association open to all religious denominations, and would have represented it at the Frankfort German National Assembly (1848) but for the intervention of the Saxonian minister of religious affairs. He was also on the board of an association (Verein zur Wahrung der deutschen Interessen an den oestlichen Grenzen) formed to support Germans in the Slav countries. In 1857 he was appointed preacher at the new Leopoldstadt synagogue in Vienna, remaining there until he went to the Seitenstetten synagogue in 1865. In 1862 Jellinek founded the Beit ha-Midrash Academy where public lectures were delivered by himself, Isaac Hirsch Weiss, and Meir Friedmann. A scholarly periodical, also called Beit ha-Midrash, was published under its auspices. Jellinek also produced a large number of scholarly works in numerous fields.

Isaac Noah Mannheimer (1793–1865) was a preacher in Vienna and creator of a moderate, compromise Reform ritual. Mannheimer's most important literary work is the exemplary German translation of the prayer book and the festival prayers (Vienna, 1840, later in a number of editions).

Added t.p.: Nofet Zufim. R. Jehuda Messer Leon's Rhetorik, nach Aristoteles, Cicero und Quintilian, mit besonderer Beziehung auf die Heilige Schrift. Zur Feier des LXX Geburtstages <17 October 1863> ... Isaak Noa Mannheimer, herausgegeben von Dr. Ad. Jellinek ...

Paragraph 2    ספר ההלצה, לרומם כתבי הקדש ולהראות העמים והשרים את יפים, חברו רבי יהודה המכונה מסיר ליאון איש מנטובה ... יצא לאור לכבוד הרב... יצחק נח מאנהיימער... ליום מלאת לו שבעים שנה ... ונלוו אליו ח"י כללים לפרש מאמרי האגדה, מאת אהרן יעללינעק ...

עמ' 207-201: "כללים לפרש מאמרי האגדה, יסדתים ואספתים אני אהרן יעללינעק".

   EJ; JE; CD-EPI 0138728
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Austria
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica