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Bidding Information
Lot #    11048
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 2:07:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Original Drawing by Ze'ev Raban
City    Jerusalem
Publication Date    20th cent.
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Ink and pencil on paper, 120:210 mm., light age staining, creased on folds, artist's stamp on verso.
          
Detailed
Description
   Ze'ev Raban (born Wolf Rawicki, 1890-1970), studied sculpture and the decorative arts in Europe, first in his hometown and later in Munich, Paris, and Brussels. At the Kunstgewerbechule in Munich, Raban learned design, including object and jewelry design;in Paris, he specialized in sculpture; and in Brussels, he was influenced by Symbolism and earned his living through architectural decoration projects.

Raban reached Eretz-Israel in 1912 and joined the staff of the Bezalel School in Jerusalem, at the invitation of its director, Boris Schatz. In 1914, he was appointed director of the brass and copper repousse department.

Raban viewed himself as a pioneer in the renewal of Hebrew art in Eretz-Israel and was actively involved in the forming of the ethos of the growing nation. He encouraged tourism through his poster art, illustrated Hebrew primers, and endowed decorative and functional objects with Jewish/Hebrew content.Raban underwent a metamorphosis in art from the western art of his studies to an incorporation of Eastern techniques and motifs, and the use of indigent flora and fauna. An important stage in that transformation was the adoption of the Yemenite as a model for the Biblical figure.

Raban's acquaintance had been with a European Symbolism that was international, equivocal, and often personal. But in Erez Israel, Raban created a "Hebrew Symbolism" that was national and carried a clear message, although he still preferred the ideal and the archetypal over realistic. He developed a visual lexicon of motifs based on Jewish designs and topics, and to these he added his own Hebrew calligraphic script and other decorative elements, to form what was to become the "Bezalel style".

          
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Characteristic
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica
Art:    Checked