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Bidding Information
Lot #    12351
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 10:02:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Rosh Yosef , Hoshen Mishpat
Title (Hebrew)    ראש יוסף, חשן המשפט
Author    [Only Ed. - Shabbateanism] R. Joseph Escapa
City    Izmir (Smyrna)
Publisher    Abraham Nahas
Publication Date    1659
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 2, 214 ff., 291:200 mm., wide margins, usual light age and damp staining, old stamps. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
   Commentary on the Shulhan Arukh, Hoshen Mishpat by R. Joseph b. Saul Escapa (1570–1662), Turkish rabbi and author. R. Escapa was the descendant of a family from Castile which settled in Salonika. He served there as head of a yeshivah, and was a colleague of R. Hayyim Shabbetai. From about 1620 he was rabbi of the Salonikan community in Smyrna, and in 1648 was appointed rabbi of all the congregations of the city. Under his leadership, the united Smyrna community became one of the most important in Turkey. Gifted with administrative ability, he introduced regulations concerning the collection of taxes and the supervision of communal affairs; these practices are followed to the present day by the community of Smyrna and surrounding territory. R. Escapa's enactments were collected by R. Joshua Judah and published in his Avodat Massa (Salonika, 1846).

R. Escapa was one of the most vehement opponents of Shabbetai Zevi, who was his disciple and whom he had ordained, and proclaimed it a religious duty to put Shabbetai Zevi to death. R. Escapa also wrote a commentary on the Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim (Smyrna, 1657). He also wrote responsa (Frankfort on the Oder, 1709), and a work on Maimonides which has remained in manuscript.

Paragraph 2    והוא ביאור על קצת הלכות מטור חשן המשפט. חברו...מוהר"ר יוסף אישקאפה נר"ו... לבאר דברי רבינו הגדול בעל הטורים ז"ל ודברי הרב הגדול הבית יוסף ז"ל במקומות הצריכים ביאור. והוגה...על ידי...כה"ר שמואל באלנסי נר"ו. דפוס אברהם בן ידידיה גבאי כף נחת, שנת ל'ש'פ'ט' יתום ודך

על הלכות דיינים, עדות, הלוואות, שמיטה ופרוזבול, כתב ידו, נאמנות, מלוה על המשכון, טוען ונטען. דף ב (מהספירה הראשונה): הקדמת תלמיד להרב המחבר נר"ו: שלמה ב"ר משה בן עזרא.

   CD-EPI 0184266; Vinograd, Izmir 6; Yaari, Izmir 4; Hebrew Encyclopedia, v. 3, (1953), p. 256; Conforte, Kore, 46a; Rosanes, Togarmah, 2 (1938), 208–10; Werses, in: Yavneh, 3 (1942), 101ff.; EJ; Scholem, Shabbetai Zevi, 89–90, 113, 119–20, 140, 304–5.
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Greece-Turkey:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Other:    Shabbateanism
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica