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Bidding Information
Lot #    12373
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 10:13:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Heter Hadrag be-Isha Nistit
Title (Hebrew)    היתר חדר'ג [חרם דרבינו גרשם] באשה נשתטית
Author    [Polemic - Only Ed. - Women] R. Aaron S. Tamares
City    Piotrkow
Publisher    Mordecai Zederbaum
Publication Date    1910
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 16 pp., 214:140 mm., usual age staining, wide margins. A good copy not bound. Rare no copy in JUNL and many major collections; unseen by CD-EPI (saw copy of title only).
   On voiding the Herem ("ban") de-Rabbenu Gershom's against bigamy when the woman is found to be insane.

R. Aaron Samuel b. Moses Jacob Tamares (1869–1931), rabbi, writer, and philosopher. Born near Maltsh in the district of Grodno, Tamares became known as the "prodigy from Maltsh." Upon the death of his father-in-law (1893), he inherited his post as rabbi in the village of Milejczyce (Grodno district), which he occupied until his death. With the emergence of political Zionism, Tamares joined the new movement and responded to rabbinical opposition in a series of articles entitled "Shillumim le-Riv Ziyyon" (Ha-Meliz, nos. 56–70, 1899). He said that the religious leadership of the people was becoming petrified and incapable of moving with the spirit of the times; this, he argued, was the reason for its loss of mass support.

Tamares participated in the Fourth Zionist Congress in 1900 but returned disillusioned with Zionism, especially its political aspects, and was also unable to find his place in the Mizrachi movement, which he considered essentially no different from political Zionism. He began to denounce nationalism, and to preach pacifism. This was the subject of his first book Ha-Yahadut ve-ha-Herut (1905). At the core of Tamares' outlook was his concept of Judaism as a moral code. He preached acceptance of the galut because of its "spiritual purification of our people" by liberating it from the urge for power and war. He also attacked the rabbis for clinging to the superstitions of the masses. These views were expounded in his books Ha-Emunah ha-Tehorah ve-ha-Dat ha-Hamonit and Musar ha-Torah ve-ha-Yahadut (both in 1912), as well as in many articles in Hebrew and Yiddish signed "Ahad ha-Rabbonim ha-Margishim." With the outbreak of World War I the attainment of world peace, which he saw as the mission of the people of Israel, became his central concern (expounded in his books Keneset Yisrael u-Milhemot ha-Goyim (1920) and Sheloshah Zivvugim Bilti-Hagunim (1930)). He stepped up his attacks on Zionism for its aspirations to make the people of Israel "a nation like other nations," and for its objectives to attain statehood and military power. He also published a book on halakhah, Yad Aharon (1923). Tamares was an unusual figure in the rabbinical world: an Orthodox rabbi who fought against the fossilized halakhah in a completely original style and who attacked nationalism and political Zionism as anti-Jewish phenomena.

   CD-EPI 0321949; EJ; Rejzen, Leksikon, 4 (1929), 897–902; Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 989–90.
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica