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Bidding Information
Lot #    12384
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 10:19:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Kalender und Jahrbuch für Israeliten auf das
Title (Hebrew)    Schaltjahr 5605
Author    [Only Ed.] Isidor Busch, Editor
City    Vienna
Publisher    Franz Eblen von Schmid & I.I. Busch
Publication Date    1844
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. vii, [25], [2], xxiii-lxii pp. 267, [3] pp., 172:109 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and split.
   Actually two volumes in one, this volume contains a calendar and a Yearbook with separate title pages, as well as an overall title page for the leap year of 5605 (1844-1845). The title page indicates that this is the third calendar/ yearbook published. The text is in German, with occasional Hebrew words and phrases. The year book has a look back over the previous year written by Dr. Ludwig Phillippson, with contributions by a list of distinguished writers including: Moritz Barach, Leopold Stein, Dr. L. Zunz, et al.

Isidor Busch (18221898), journalist, political liberal, and viticulturist. Bush was born in Prague, the son of Jacob Busch, partner of the Hebrew printer Anton von Schmid. He entered the printing profession at the age of 15 under the influence of M. H. Letteris, who worked for his father as a proofreader, and became interested in Hebrew literature. For a number of years he published yearbooks in German to which well-known Jewish writers contributed. In 1842 he initiated the Jahrbuch für Israeliten, the first almanac by Jewish authors for a Jewish public. Together with I. S. Reggio he published the Hebrew-German Bikkurei ha-Ittim ha-Hadashim (one issue, Vienna, 1845), and edited its German section, stressing in his preface the need to disseminate the Hebrew language. In 1848 he and Letteris published the weekly Oesterreichisches Centralorgan fuer Glaubensfreiheit, Kultur, Geschichte und Literatur der Juden and he also issued Mikhtevei Ivrit, a compilation of Hebrew letters (1847).

He participated in the revolutionary movements of 1848 and, after their failure, fled to America. In New York City in 1849, he became a bookseller and publisher-editor of the liberal German weekly lsraels Herold, which soon failed. He then moved to St. Louis, where his wife's relatives, the well-known Taussig family, had already settled. Busch engaged in a number of business ventures, only one of which, the introduction of viticulture, seems to have been genuinely successful. At various times he was also a grocer, real estate promoter, banker, actuary, hardware dealer, and railroad executive. However, his major interests were cultural, political, and communal. He was a founder of Congregation Beth El, a leader in B'nai B'rith, and a popularizer of Jewish learning. He served as a St. Louis alderman in 1866 and as a member of the Board of Education from 1881 to 1884. In 1865 Bush was secretary of the Missouri State Board of Immigration, for which he had been prepared by his presidency for 12 years of the St. Louis German Immigrant Aid Society. His most notable political activity was as a Republican member of the Missouri state constitutional conventions during the Civil War, in which he warmly supported the Union cause and abolitionism in an area where large numbers of Confederate sympathizers lived.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Austria
Reform:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica