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Bidding Information
Lot #    12448
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 10:50:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ateret Zekeinim
Title (Hebrew)    עטרת זקנים
Author    [Fine Copy] Don Isaac Abravanel
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Orphans of Solomon Proophs
Publication Date    1739
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [4], 57 ff., 187:131 mm., light age and damp staining, extra wide margins, sharp crisp edges. A near fine copy bound in contemporary half vellum and marbled paper boards, lightly rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   On Providence and prophecy, composed while still a youth.

Don Isaac b. Judah Abravanel (1437-1508), received a careful education and was a pupil of R. Joseph Hayyim, rabbi of Lisbon. Well versed in Talmudic literature and in the learning of his time, endowed with a clear and keen mind, and full of enthusiasm for Judaism, he devoted his early years to the study of Jewish religious philosophy, and when scarcely twenty years old wrote on the original form of the natural elements, on the most vital religious questions, on prophecy, etc. His political abilities also attracted attention while he was still young. He entered the service of King Alfonso V. of Portugal as treasurer, and soon won the confidence of his master. Notwithstanding his high position and the great wealth he had inherited from his father, his love for his afflicted brethren was unabated. When Arzilla, in Morocco, was taken by the Moors, and the Jewish captives were sold as slaves, he contributed largely to the funds needed to manumit them, and personally arranged for collections throughout Portugal. He also wrote to his learned and wealthy friend Jehiel, of Pisa, in behalf of the captives. After the death of Alfonso he was obliged to relinquish his office, having been accused by King John II. of connivance with the duke of Bragança, who had been executed on the charge of conspiracy. Don Isaac, warned in time, saved himself by a hasty flight to Castile (1483). His large fortune was confiscated by royal decree. At Toledo, his new home, he occupied himself at first with Biblical studies, and in the course of six months produced an extensive commentary on the books of Joshua, Judges, and Samuel. But shortly afterward he entered the service of the house of Castile. Together with his friend, the influential Don Abraham Senior, of Segovia, he undertook to farm the revenues and to supply provisions for the royal army, contracts that he carried out to the entire satisfaction of Queen Isabella. During the Moorish war Abravanel advanced considerable sums of money to the government. When the banishment of the Jews from Spain was decreed, he left nothing undone to induce the king to revoke the edict. In vain did he offer him 30,000 ducats ($68,400, nominal value). With his brethren in faith he left Spain and went to Naples, where, soon after, he entered the service of the king. For a short time he lived in peace undisturbed; but when the city was taken by the French, bereft of all his possessions, he followed the young king, Ferdinand, in 1495, to Messina; then went to Corfu; and in 1496 settled in Monopoli, and lastly (1503) in Venice, where his services were employed in negotiating a commercial treaty between Portugal and the Venetian republic (Zurita, "Historia del Rey Don Fernando el Católico," v. 342a).

          
Paragraph 2    חברו ... דון יצחק אבראבניאל ... מחקר (מתחלת הפרשה הנה אנכי שולח מלאך לפניך עד ויקהו לי תרומ' [שמות כג, כ-כד, יח]) ... עוד ... מה הם צורו' היסודות (אם הם האיכיות ראשונים או שניים או דבר אחר) ... לבקש ממנו דרך ישרה ... והוא בחכמתו כל יקר ראתה עינו ותעלומה הוציא אור ... עוד למד דעת את העם מה הם צורות היסודות אשר אדם תועה מדרך השכל ...
          
Reference
Description
   EJ; JE; CD-EPI 0106702
        
Associated Images
3 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Holland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Faith
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica