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Bidding Information
Lot #    12466
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 10:59:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Hakham Lev
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Judah Leib ben Hillel of Schwersenz
City    Furth
Publisher    Joseph ben Solomon Zalman Schneur
Publication Date    1693
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [2], 28 ff., quarto, 195:155 mm., wide margins, usual age staining, stamps. A very good copy loose in later boards, split.
          
Detailed
Description
   Only edition of the abridged enumeration of and commentary on the 613 biblical (taryag) commandments and seven rabbinic precepts by R. Judah Leib ben Hillel (17th century) of Schwersenz. The text of the title page, which has the pillared frame typical of Fuerth imprints states that, The wise in heart (hakham lev) will heed commandments (Proverbs 10:8). It is an important principle in the Torah that all the taryag mitzvot are explained with the rabbinic precepts. It is a condensed Rambam (Maimonides) with, furthermore, the halakhot of the messiah and animal sacrifices and meal offerings. In an easy and clear language. And it was for the house of Judah and for joy and for gladness (cf. Zechariah 8:19). And sorrow and sighing fled away (cf. Isaiah 35:10, 51:11). It is dated, [And it shall be to you for a fringe], that you may look upon it, and remember (453 = 1693) all the commandments of the Lord (Numbers 15:39). The title page is followed by approbations from R. Samuel ben Uri Shraga Feibush, R. Joseph Kohen of Braunschweig, and R. Benjamin Zev Wolf Traub, and then a brief introduction and lengthier apologia from R. Judah Leib. The former begins with several lines of verse and continues in versified prose in an ethical vein.

The apologia has what is customarily considered introductory content, noting that at this time it is not possible to fulfill all the commandments, for example, those dependent upon the land of Israel, related to the Temple, or of ritual defilement. Those mitzvot applicable today are 369 mitzvot. Judah Leib emphasizes the importance for ones soul and for the redemption by the completion of all the mitzvot. If one occupies oneself with laws such as that of the burnt offering, it is, before the Lord, as if he has brought a burnt offering in deed, and so with other commandments. Those precepts addressed in the Shulhan Arukh, that is, applicable today, are not discussed in detail, only noting their principles and sources. However, those mitzvot which can not presently be fulfilled are presented in greater detail, based on the Mishneh Torah, Semag (Sefer Mitzvot Gadol by R. Moses ben Jacob of Coucy), Kiryat Sefer (R. Moses ben Joseph di Trani), and Sefer Ha-Hinnukh. Hakham Lev is written in a concise manner to that it can be learned daily in a thirty day cycle. The text follows, in two columns in rabbinic type.

The contents are as described in the apologia. Applicable precepts such as the prohibition on hamez (leavened bread) on Pesah are addressed in 2 lines and love of converts in 5 lines, in contrast to mitzvot such as the meal offering, 42 lines, and Hakhel (seventh year assembly) 18 lines. There are exceptions, however, in which applicable precepts are addressed at length, such as, viddui (confession of sins) with 86 lines. This is the only published work by R. Judah Leib. It was published in 1731 in Latin translation with glosses by Karl Schulten.

          
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Reference
Description
   Heller 17th Cent. Book (in progress); Vin Fuerth 30; CD-EPI 0138885
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
17th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica