||Title: Polen und Juden: Die polnisch-jüdische Verständigung zur Regelung de Judenfrage in Polen.
A discussion of the social and political status of the Jews in Poland in terms of " the Jewish Question", with a foreword by David Erdtracht, a founder of the "Renaissance" Publishing House.
Alfred Nossig (1864–1943), writer, sculptor, and musician; one of the first supporters of the Jewish national movements and of Zionism. Born in Lemberg, Nossig's diversified talents found expression in literature (poems, plays, essays in literary criticism), music (a monograph on the life of Paderewski and libretto for his opera), sculpture (his works were exhibited in a number of world exhibitions and achieved considerable recognition). In addition, Nossig engaged in various public and social activities. Yet all of his life he was a kind of outsider, despite the wide veneration he enjoyed. In his youth he belonged to the assimilationist Polish Jews, and was one of the editors of their Polish-language journal. Later he abandoned them and in 1887 published the first Zionist work in Polish "An Attempt to Solve the Jewish Problem" (Pr\ba rozwiEzania kwestji Jydowskiej, 1887), in which he proposed the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine and adjacent countries. This book had a great impact on the Jewish intelligentsia, especially in Galicia. From that time, Nossig was active in the area of political Zionism. During that period he published books and essays on Jewish national problems and critical writings on socialism.
Nossig participated in the first Zionist Congresses but he soon ran into conflict with Herzl, for his individualistic character prevented his cooperating with other people. From time to time, however, Nossig raised new suggestions and plans for the founding of Jewish and general societies to solve the world's problems in general, and those of the Jews in particular. Thus in 1908 he founded a Jewish colonization organization (Allgemeine Juedische Kolonisations Organization-AIKO), which, like other plans of his, was not implemented. In his works on Jewish statistics (1887, 1903), he laid the basis for the Jewish Statistical and Demographic Institute and thus was among the founders of the scientific study of Jewish statistics. His most famous pieces of sculpture were "Wandering Jew," "Judas Maccabaeus," "Nordau," and "King Solomon." In the 1920s he became a spokesperson for another far-reaching, prophetic idea: the federation of European states; representatives of twenty-six countries participated in a 1926 conference in Geneva devoted to this cause.
Nossig lived in Berlin until the Nazi rise to power, when he was expelled to Poland. There he continued his diversified activities, among other things, in the design of a monumental piece of statue called "The Holy Mountain" to be placed on Mount Carmel as a symbol of world peace and the establishment of a national home for the Jews in Palestine. After the Nazi occupation of Poland and the establishment of the Warsaw Ghetto, he drew up plans for Jewish emigration and submitted several memoranda to the German authorities. Upon order of the Nazi authorities, the chairman of the Warsaw Judenrat, Adam Czerniakow, nominated him as a member of the Judenrat and head of its Department for Art, which actually existed only on paper. Early in 1943 the Jewish Fighting Organization became convinced that Nossig was collaborating with the Nazis. He was sentenced to death by the Jewish underground and shot on Feb. 22, 1943, by members of the Jewish Fighting Organization.
Nossig's name may be found today at the site of the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles. According to Bret Werb, staff musicologist at the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., a Holocaust survivor, Jonas Turkow described a few encounters with Nossig, calling him "the tragically famous Prof. Dr. Nossig" and an "old renegade." Barbara Engelking and Jacek Leonciak document his activities in the ghetto. A question arises whether the libretto of Manru addresses issues and beliefs which preoccupied Nossig in his subsequent books and other publications, and which motivated him on his path to infamy.
David Erdtracht, who wrote the preface to this work, founded the Interterritorialer Verlag Renaissance which specialized in translations and political literature of a Zionist and socialist content. According to T. Soxberger, in his article "Sigmund Löw (Ziskind Lyev), a 'Revolutionary Proletarian ' Writer ", Erdtract was a Galician-born student of economics at the Viennese Hochschule fur Welthandel. At the beginning of 1920 he applied for the official registration of his publishing enterprise Renaissance, which had been active 'for some time', operating on an international or 'inter-territorial' scale.