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Flier with text of letter from the Hazon Ish to ..
äîëúá îäçæåï àéù ìø' ÷ìîï ëäðä îôøñîéí
[Women - Polemic]
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Boardside, 343:246 mm., light age staining, creased on folds.
Flier reproducing a strong letter from the gaon Hazon Ish to R. Kalman Kahana, head of Po’alei Agudat Israel, opposing the latter’s views on permitting Jewish girls to participate in Sherut ha-Leumi (National Service for Women). The letter, although always addressing R. Kahana respectfully, uses very strong and highly critical language for his supporting such service. It notes that such a position divides the Torah into two, one part issur ve-heter, the market of life, the second, according to the sages (sic) of the generation, the culture of sinners. Mention is made of the difficulty of bearing the pain of Jewish girls, 18-20, attracted to Jewish boys, the hearts of fathers and mothers continually concerned about their daughters without cease, in our current world full of heretics and disbelievers, who turn (remove) the fear of modest hearts with each and every step. The Hazon Ish mentions his own pain and prayers over this. The letter was given to R. Feival Scheinberg to be copied prior to being sent to R. Kanaha. The letter is now made public with the approval of R. Yakov Kanevski, brother-in-law of the Hazon Ish, as the situation has not improved and the position of the Gedolei Torah not been implewmented. R. Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz (Hazon Ish, 1878–1953), outstanding talmudic scholar, known from his work as the "Hazon Ish." Karelitz received his education from his father, head of the bet din at Kossow; from an early age he manifested unusual talent and diligence. He devoted his life to the study of the Torah, although also learning such sciences as astronomy, anatomy, mathematics, and botany, since he felt that a knowledge of them was necessary for a full understanding of various aspects of Jewish law and practice. After his marriage he continued to lead an extremely modest life, his wife providing for their needs while he spent day and night in study. His first work, on Orah Hayyim and other parts of the Shulhan Arukh, was published anonymously in Vilna in 1911 under the title Hazon Ish, the name by which R. Karelitz became almost exclusively known. It created a deep impression in the rabbinic world because of its vast knowledge and extreme profundity. When he moved to Vilna about 1920, he came to the notice of R. Hayyim Ozer Grodzinski who, henceforth, used to consult him in all religious and communal matters. His reputation for saintliness and knowledge was widespread and people from all walks of life would frequent his home, for scholarly discussions or to seek advice on religious, business or personal problems, or simply to receive his blessing. When in 1933 he settled in Erez Israel, his house in Bene-Berak became the address for thousands who sought his guidance. Hazon Ish was an example of a personality, holding no official position, who nevertheless became a recognized worldwide authority on all matters relating to Jewish law and life. He did not head any yeshivah, yet he was teacher and guide to thousands of students. He was not a communal leader, yet he exerted an enormous influence on the life and institutions of religious Jewry. He did not publish many responsa, but became the supreme authority on halakhah. On one occasion, he was consulted by David Ben-Gurion, the prime minister of Israel, on the question of conscription of girls. He was a lover of Zion, yet did not adhere to the official Zionist movement. He was neither a Hasid nor an extremist, but was intimate with both these groups. He considered man's duty in life to be the constant and meticulous study of Jewish law aiming at the attainment of a maximum degree of perfection in religious observance. Although essentially an academic scholar, he applied himself to practical problems, devoting much effort to the strengthening of religious life and institutions. His rulings on the use of the milking machine on Sabbath (to overcome the prohibition of milking in the usual way) and on cultivation by hydroponics during the sabbatical year (when he challenged the validity of the permission to cultivate the land given by the chief rabbinate) are two illustrations of his practical approach. Hazon Ish wrote over 40 books which are models of lucidity and are written in a simple style. R. Kalman Kahana (1910–91) was leader of the Po'alei Agudat Israel movement. Born in Brody, Galicia, R. Kahana studied at the Berlin rabbinical seminary and the universities of Berlin and Wuerzburg. He was one of the founders of the Agudat Israel youth movement in Germany and moved to Palestine in 1938 with a group of young Orthodox settlers, joining the Po'alei Agudat Israel movement. Kahana was a founder of kibbutz Hafez Hayyim (1944) and a member of the Knesset from its establishment in 1949. He was deputy minister of education (1962–69). He became president of the Po'alei Agudat Israel movement. R. Kahana published several studies in rabbinics and wrote on Maimonides. R. Kahana occupied himself with the halakhah appertaining to the agricultural laws which apply in Israel and in 1976 there appeared Mizvot ha-Arez and in 1980 tractate Shevi'it according to both the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds with the notes and commentary of Elijah, Gaon of Vilna, and as an appendix his commentary to the Mishnah and the Tosefta to the order Zeraim.
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Kind of Judaica