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Bidding Information
Lot #    12601
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 12:05:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Festschrift zur feier des Fünfzigjährigen Bestehen
Title (Hebrew)    der Lessingloge in Breslau in Januar 1935
Author    [Community - Only Ed.]B'nai B'rith. District no. 8
City    Breslau
Publisher    Druckerei Schatzky
Publication Date    1935
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 31 pp. 299:213 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in the original paper wrappers.
   The title translates as " Anniversary publication for the celebration of the fifty-year old existence of the Lessingloge [a B'nai B'rith lodge] in Breslau in January 1935". A four page insert is included which has on it the program for the weekend of January 5-6, 1935. The activities for Saturday evening and Sunday are listed , and the back cover has the menu.

The table of contents are printed on the verso of the title page. Introduction by Sigmund Posner. Contents.- Die Koenigl. Wilhelmsschule in Breslau und der Eintritt der Breslauer Juden in die abendlaendische Kultur, von W. Cohn.- Alte oberschlesische Judenfriedhoefe, von A. Grotte.- Was beim Uebersetzen verloren geht, von I. Heinemann.- Der juedische Humanitaetsgedanke, von A. Lewkowitz.- Wandlungen juedischen Frauentums im 19 Jahrhundert, von E. Rabin.- Die Geschichtsauffassung der vorexilischen Propheten, von I. Rabin.

B'nai B'rith is the largest and oldest Jewish fraternal organization. It has (1902) a membership of about 30,000, divided into more than 330 lodges and 10 grand lodges, distributed over the United States, Germany, Rumania, Austria-Hungary, Egypt, and Palestine. It was founded at New York in 1843 by a number of German Jews for the purpose of instilling the principles of morality among the followers of the Mosaic faith, uniting them on a platform upon which all could stand regardless of dogma and ceremonial custom, and of inculcating charity, benevolence, and brotherly love as the highest virtues. Political and religious discussions were to be barred forever in order that harmony and peace might be preserved in the deliberations of the Order. A constitution was adopted for the administration of the affairs of the Order; and in 1851, a sufficient number of lodges having been organized, the first grand lodge was established in the city of New York, and in the same year District Grand Lodge No. 2 was founded in the city of Cincinnati. The Order spread rapidly. Lodges were formed in nearly all of the Eastern and Western states; so that in 1856 District Grand Lodge No. 3 was instituted, with its seat in Philadelphia, Pa. The supreme authority was placed in a central body, which met annually and was composed of one representative from each lodge. At the same session the constitution was remodeled, giving it a more democratic and representative character.

A new era of development began in 1868, when, at a convention held in the city of New York, composed of representatives from each lodge, the present constitution was adopted. Meanwhile, three new grand lodges had been instituted: No. 4 in San Francisco, Cal.; No. 5 in Baltimore, Md.; and No. 6 in Chicago, Ill. The Order at that time numbered more than 20,000 members. In 1873 another new grand lodge, No. 7, was added, which held jurisdiction over the Southern states. A new sphere opened for the Order in 1882, when Moritz Ellinger, as the deputy of the executive committee, instituted the first lodge in Berlin, Germany.

When, in 1885, a sufficient number of lodges had been founded to warrant the establishment of a grand lodge for Germany, Julius Bien visited that country to inaugurate it. Meanwhile the growth of the Order in Rumania and Austria-Hungary had led to the institution of grand lodges with seats at Bucharest and Prague, and to the establishment of many useful benevolent institutions.

With the spread of the Order its usefulness as an international medium for the relief of the persecuted in various parts of the world has been established; and the principle of self-help has been inculcated in communities which had always looked to others for protection and aid. Of late the Order has established working relations with the great educational and relief associations of Europe, such as the Alliance Israélite Universelle of Paris, the Jewish Colonization Association of London, and the Israelitische Allianz of Vienna. At the Quinquennial Convention of the Order, held in Chicago (April 29 to May 3, 1900), a commission was appointed to invite the cooperation of all European and American kindred associations in instituting measures for the introduction of industries, agricultural employments, and modern education among the Jews of Galicia. The Order has also been active in finding employment for the Rumanian Jews, who through religious intolerance were compelled to leave their native country. This it does through the district lodges, which organize means whereby many individuals may, from time to time, obtain a livelihood by manual labor. Numbers of Rumanian Jews, on arriving in New York, are distributed among the district lodges.

During its existence the Order has expended millions of dollars in aiding the distressed among its members by means of donations to the sick, by loans, and by endowments to widows and orphans.

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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
History:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica