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Bidding Information
Lot #    12627
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 12:18:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Pinkas of the Hevra Kaddisha
Title (Hebrew)    פנקס מהח'ק דק'ק איוועשט
Author    [Ms.] Joseph Yom Tov b. Nahum, Scribe
City    Ivesti, Rumania
Publication Date    1928
Item of
Exceptional
Interest
   Checked
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   20, 28-30, [5] ff., 423:262 mm., ink on heavy paper or vellum, beautiful borders in multiple colors, illustrated block lettering, a beautiful manuscript bound in modern full leather boards. Signed by the scribe.
          
Detailed
Description
   A beautifully illustrated manuscript of the Ivesti Hevra Kaddisha's (Burial Society) takkanot (regulations of the hevra), charter, rules and regulations, membership roll, associated liturgies, civil regulators approvals in Rumanian (final 4 ff.), etc. All pages except 17-20 contain multiple lines of text.

The hevra kaddisha, was a brotherhood formed for the purpose of performing the reverential disposal of the dead in accordance with Jewish law and tradition. The members engaged in this sacred task are called mitassekim ("those who occupy themselves") as well as gomelei hasadim, since the duty to the dead is regarded as the "only true gemilut hasadim." Membership in the hevra kaddisha was regarded as a coveted honor, and an honorary one. The fraternal aspect of the hevra was observed in various ways, the most common being the annual celebration of the hevra on a fixed day.

The institution of the hevra kaddisha is unique to the Jewish community. It derives from the fact that according to Jewish law no material benefit may accrue from the dead. As a result no private or commercial firm is permitted to engage in the disposal of the dead for private gain. The duty must thus become a function of the community as a whole.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Rumania
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew, Rumanian
  
Manuscript Type
Other:    Book
  
Kind of Judaica