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Bidding Information
Lot #    12724
Auction End Date    12/20/2005 1:06:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Awaudat Schliach Zibur (Avodat Sheliah Zibbur)
Title (Hebrew)    עבודת שליח צבור
Author    [Liturgy - First Ed.] Josef Singer
City    Vienna & Budapest
Publisher    Jos. Schlesinger
Publication Date    1906
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. 40, [2], 114, [2] pp., 165:115 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining. A very good copy loose in contemporary boards, rubbed and split.
   Cantorial handbook with musical notes by the renowned European hazzan Josef Singer. The text in Hebrew encompasses all the occasions in which the hazzan is called upon to officiate. It begins with Minha services and includes marriages (huppah), birkat ha-mazon, berit milah, pidyan ha-ben, Rosh Hodesh and fast days, various blessings, among them for a woman who has given birth, for an ill person, eruvim, changing one’s name, and funeral services, counting the Omer. Instructions are in German. Reading from the left is a German title page followed by forty pages of traditional melodies with musical notes.

Josef Singer, (1841–1911), hazzan. Josef Singer was born in Hlinik, Hungary, where his father, Israel Singer (1806–1897), who had been a meshorer with Dovid'l Brod (Strelisker), was hazzan. From 1866 to 1874 Josef Singer was cantor in Beuthen (Upper Silesia) and from 1874 to 1880 chief cantor in Nuremberg. In 1881 he was called to Vienna to replace Solomon Sulzer upon the latter's retirement as chief cantor of the Viennese community in the Seitenstettengasse synagogue. He also taught singing at the Jewish Institute for the Blind and fostered the establishment of a cantors' school. He published a considerable number of studies on various aspects of hazzanut, chiefly in Der juedische Kantor and Oesterreich-Ungarische Kantorenzeitung, and the cantor's manual Amidat Sheli'ah Zibbur (1906). His most influential publication was the booklet Die Tonarten des traditionellen Synagogengesanges (Steiger)-ihr Verhaeltnis zu den Kirchentonarten und den Tonarten der vorchristlichen Musikperiode (1886; reprinted, with abbreviations, in Aron Friedman (ed.), Dem Andenken Eduard Birnbaums, 1 (1922): 90–100). There he attempted to systematize the shtayger patterns of Ashkenazi hazzanut by comparing their scale structure with ancient European and Greek scales and arriving at certain hypotheses as to their antiquity and "Jewishness." The undertaking was one of the earliest attempts of its kind, and unlike similar previous and later attempts, was based both on the author's profound knowledge of the tradition and on a serious attempt to utilize the resources of historical musicology as far as they were available at that time. Its basic weaknesses were only understood much later, and for a long time Singer's theses were taken up by many writers on Jewish music. Singer's daughter Clara married the composer Oscar Straus.

Title: Awaudas Scheliach Zibur. Neuestes vollstaendiges Handbuch zum Gebrauche fuer Cantoren ... nebst musikalischen Beitraegen von Josef Singer ...

Paragraph 2    כולל כל התפלות ומנהגים הנחוצים לו לענינים שונים.

ספר-עזר לחזן. כולל תפילות וברכות שונות, נוסח אשכנז. נערך על ידי החזן יוסף זינגר. 40 עמ' (נדפסו משמאל לימין): תווי נגינה, עם שער מיוחד: Noten-Beilagen zum Awaudas Scheliach Zibur, von Josef Singer ...

   EJ; Sendrey, Music, index; Friedmann, Lebensbilder, 1 (1918), 170; 2 (1921), 49–52; 3 (1927), 64–66; E. Birnbaum, in: Juedisches Literaturblatt, 15 (1886), fasc. 24–25 (repr. with remarks by L. Kornitzer, in: Der juedische Kantor, 6 (1932), 5:1–3); Wininger, Biog. s.v.; CD-EPI 0320653
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    Austria
Music:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica