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Bidding Information
Lot #    13939
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 10:00:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Letter by R. Mordecai ben Abraham Banet
Title (Hebrew)    ' '
Author    [Ms.]
City    Nikolsburg
Publication Date    1797
Item of
Exceptional
Interest
   Checked
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1] p., 233:188 mm., light age staining, creased on folds, ink on paper, signed and dated, final line of text and signature by R. Banet.
          
Paragraph 1    R. Mordecai ben Abraham Banet, Moravian rabbi, one of the leading talmudists of his time. R. Banet's yeshivah attracted students from near and far, and during the 40 years that he headed it several thousands of students passed through.
          
Detailed
Description
   Letter signed by R. Mordecai ben Abraham Banet (Benet), (17531829), Moravian rabbi, one of the leading talmudists of his time. Banet was born in Csurgo, Hungary. He studied at the yeshivah of Fuerth under R. Joseph Steinhardt, author of the responsa Zikhron Yosef. In 1784 he was appointed dayyan in Nikolsburg, Moravia. In 1787 and 1788 he served as rabbi of Lundenburg, Moravia, and subsequently of Sasvar, Hungary, and from 1789 as rabbi and head of the yeshivah of Nikolsburg, and district rabbi of Moravia. R. Banet's yeshivah attracted students from near and far, and during the 40 years that he headed it several thousands of students passed through. Banet fought vigorously against the Reform movement, particularly against Aaron Chorin, and vehemently opposed the founding of the Reform Temple in Hamburg. At the same time he displayed a certain understanding of the spiritual needs of his contemporaries. At the request of the government, he prepared two courses of study for students for the rabbinate which included secular studies. His proposals were published in the Toledot Mordekhai Banet (1832) of his son Jacob Abraham. Under Banet's influence, his son Naphtali Banet compiled a handbook (in Hebrew and German) on the fundamentals of the Jewish religion. Because of his great influence on his community, his talented leadership, and the support of the government, Barter succeeded in postponing the disintegration of Moravian Jewry for at least one generation later than that of the breakup of Bohemian Jewry. He was one of the chief opponents of Saul Berlin in the controversy over his work Besamim Rosh (Berlin, 1793).

Of Banet's works, only Be'ur Mordekhai (2 vols. Vienna, 180513), novellae to the Mordekhai of Mordecai b. Hillel, was published during his lifetime. After his death the following were published: Magen Avot (Zolkiew, 1835; 19032; with notes by Shalom Mordecai ha-Kohen), on the main categories of work forbidden on the Sabbath; Harha-Mor (Prague, 1861), responsa, published together with the Hokhmat Shelomo of Solomon Kwetsch, his pupil; Parashat Mordekhai (1889), responsa on the Shulhan Arukh, together with notes by the publisher, Abraham Isaac Glueck; Tekhelet Mordekhai (1892), aggadic homilies and talmudic novellae, also containing a biography of the author; Mahashevet Mordekhai (1902), aggadic novellae to the Pentateuch; Sefer Maharam Banet (also called Divrei Mordekhai; 1906), novellae on aspects of the dietary laws with notes by the publisher Abraham Jungreisz.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Moravia
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica