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Bidding Information
Lot #    13968
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 10:15:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Mikra'ot Gedolot - Former Prophets
Title (Hebrew)    מקראות גדולות - נביאים ראשונים
Author    [Third Bomberg Ed.]
City    Venice
Publisher    Daniel Bomberg
Publication Date    1547
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Volume 2 of 4. [441]-685 ff., 407:270 mm., extra wide margins, usual light age and damp staining, old hands, small excisions to ff. 441-442 in lower margins. A very good copy bound in 17th century leather over wood boards, tooled in blind, rubbed and split.
   The third and final of the great Bomberg rabbinic bibles, Mikra'ot Gedolot, 4 vols., (1517–18, 1524–25), containing the text of the Hebrew Bible with Targum and the standard commentaries.

Daniel Bomberg, the son of an Antwerp merchant, can be referred to as the father of the printed Babylonian Talmud. Indeed, among his many accomplishments are the first printing of Babylonian Talmud (1520-23) and the Jerusalem Talmud (1522-23), the first Mikra’ot Gedolot (1515-17), the first Alfas (1522), the first Kariate printed book (1528-29). Why the Christian (Calvinist) Bomberg printed Hebrew books is a subject of many bibliographers’ articles. He was associated with Felice da Prato, an apostate who subsequently became a friar, who influenced him to print Hebrew books. Israel Mehlman assumes that proselytism played a role in the process, albeit a small one. The activities of Bomberg on behalf of the Jewish community were not limited by printing. The British Jewish historian, Cecil Roth, writes that Bomberg helped Marranos find refuge in Turkey. He is recorded as having fought for and obtained certain rights for his Jewish workers denied other Venetian Jews. For all his righteousness Bomberg nevertheless appears to have plagiarized much of the text for his Talmud from the Gershom Soncino tractates. Soncino complains in his Mikhlol that the Venetian printers copied his editions (Heller p. 145). Support for his complaint can be found in the errors Bomberg duplicated from Soncino tractates.

Paragraph 2    [נדפס] פעם שנית... לא נחסר כל בו... ראשונה, החומש עם תרגום [אונקלוס. מוטעם] ופירוש רש"י. ואבן עזרא ופרפראות מבעל הטורים [ר' יעקב בן אשר]. והנביאים הראשונים עם פירוש רש"י וקמחי ורלב"ג ורבי[נו] ישעיה [מטראני. על שופטים ושמואל בלבד]. והנביאים האחרונים עם פי' רש"י וקמחי. והכתובים, תלים עם פי' רש"י וא"ע (ואבן עזרא). משלי עם פי' רש"י (ואבן עזרא [!]) ורלב"ג. איוב עם פי' (רש"י), אבן עזרא ורלב"ג. דניאל עם פירוש (רש"י), א"ע ורבינו סעדיה גאון. עזרא עם פי' רש"י ועם פי' ר' משה קמחי [בשער כתובים: פי' אבן עזרא!]. דברי הימים עם פי' רש"י ורד"ק. חמש מגלות עם פירוש רש"י וא"ע. והמקראות מתורגמים, מנוקדים ומוטעמים ונמסרים על פי דרכי הסופרים... כל אלו מוגים עם רב העיון... ונדפסו שנית (על יד קורנילייו אדיל קינד לבית הלוי)... [חלק א-ד].
   CD-EPI 0182198; Printing the Talmud, Marvin J. Heller, Im Hasefer, Brooklyn, 1992, pages 135-182.
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Bible:    Checked
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica