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Bidding Information
Lot #    13986
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 10:24:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Eulogy on R. Solomon Judah Leib Rapoport
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] Perez Smolenskin
City    Prague
Publisher    S. Freund's Witwe & Comp.
Publication Date    1867
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 15, [1], title wrappers pp., 192:124 mm., very good, clean, crisp copy bound as published.
   Eulogy on R. Judah Loeb Rappaport by Perez Smolenskin (1840 or 18421885), Hebrew novelist, editor, and publicist. A leading exponent of the Haskalah in Eastern Europe and an early advocate of Jewish nationalism, Smolenskin is best known for the important Hebrew monthly Ha-Shahar which he founded in 1868, and edited, 12 volumes in all, until his death.

R. Solomon Judah Leib Rapoport (Rappaport) (Shir; 17901867) was a rabbi and scholar, pioneer of Haskalah and Wissenschaft des Judentums. Born in Lemberg, Galicia, Rapoport, received a traditional education and became known for his brilliance as a Talmudist. After a period in business in Brody, he became rabbi of Tarnopol (1837), where he had to contend with the violent opposition of the Hasidim, whom he had attacked in a pamphlet (Ner Mitzvah, in: Nahalat Yehudah, 1868) in defense of Haskalah in 1815 (ref. introduction to Sheerit Yehudah). Rapoport was appointed chief rabbi of Prague in 1840, successfully opposing the candidacy of R. Zevi Hirsch Chajes for the same position. After his youthful efforts at poetry and drama, including this paraphrase of Racines Esther, Rapoport turned to Jewish scholarship, publishing articles in Bikkurei ha-Ittim and Kerem Hemed. Dealing with biblical subjects, he considered the Book of Judges a composite work, certain Psalms to be post-Davidic, and some chapters in Isaiah as belonging to a later prophet. His real mark on Jewish scholarship was made in a series of bibliographical studies of the geonic leaders Rav Saadiah, Rav Hai, R. Hananel ben Hushiel, R. Nissim ben Jacob, and R. Hefez ben Yazliah, and of R. Eleazar ha-Kallir and R. Nathan ben Jehiel of Rome, author of the Arukh (published in Bikkurei ha-Ittim, 182831; and also separately and posthumously under the title Yeriot Shelomo, 1904, repr. 1913 and 1960). These studies illuminated a relatively obscure period of Jewish history and paved the way for later research; moreover, they set a new standard of critical methodology to be applied to the history of rabbinics.

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   CD-EPI 0154424; EJ; JE; Slouschz pp. 58-59; Waxman III p. 159
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Bohemia
Other:    Eulogies
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica