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Bidding Information
Lot #    14006
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 10:34:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Pizmonim le-Moadim
Title (Hebrew)    פזמונים למועדים
Author    [Liturgy]
City    Parur, India
Publication Date    1949
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [3] pp., 172:110 mm., light age staining.
   Liturgies for the Torah on the festive holidays following the rites of Cochin, city and former state of the Malabar Coast, S. W. India, now part of the State of Kerala. The origin of Jewish association with Cochin and the Malabar Coast is obscure; legends and traditions connect the early stages with various events in the history of Israel and Judah, after the destruction of the First Temple. The Jews of the area are divided into three endogamous groups, "White Jews," "Black Jews," and meshuhrarim or "Freedmen" (Emancipated). The White Jews (called "Paradesi," foreigners) are a mixture of Jewish exiles from Cranganore and (later) Spain, Aleppo, Holland, and Germany. They have a white coloring and follow the Sephardi rite with some Ashkenazi forms. The Black Jews are of the same coloring as other Indians and have separate synagogues from the Whites. Influenced by the Indian caste system the three groups do not intermarry. The third group, the meshuhrarim, were manumitted slaves and their offspring were attached to either of the two communities but had no rights (until 1932) to sit in the synagogue or be called to assist in the services (except on Simhhat Torah). In 1882 the chief rabbi of Jerusalem (R. Meir Panigel) answered an appeal of the community that the "blacks" were true Jews, but the meshuhrarim would be considered so only after immersion in a mikveh.
Paragraph 2    לאומרם קודם אתה הראת, גברו ביום א' ולב ער ביום ב'.

שני פיוטים, כמנהג יהודי קוצ'ין. הפיוט הראשון פותח: גברו חסדי ה' על עדת הנדחה (אוצר השירה והפיוט, ב, עמ' 93, מס' 76). השני פותח: לב ער בשגיונו גם בנומו. דפוס-אבן.

   CD-EPI 0310404; EJ
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    India
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica