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Bidding Information
Lot #    14014
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 10:38:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Der Patriarch
Author    [Montefiore] Dr. Moritz Löwy
City    Temesvar
Publisher    Israelitischer Gemeinde
Publication Date    1885
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 25 pp., octavo, 206:144 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, stamps, plate. A very good copy bound in later half cloth and marbled paper over boards, rubbed.
   Lecture delivered on Shimenei Azeret by Dr. Moritz Löwy on the one hundredth birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore. Dr. Löwy is described as the Oberrabbiner of the Israelitischen Reliogionsgemeimde Temple in Temesvar, a city in the Banat, Transylvania, W. Rumania. That city had two synagogues, an Orthodox and a Reformed temple, Dr. Löwyofficiating at the latter. There is a dedicatory page, which states, Dem Jubelgreise in bewunderungs und ehrfurchtsvollster ergebenheit gewidmet, that is, it is dedicated with admiration, reverence, and fullest devotion. Unfortunately, Sir Moses Montefiore passed away that year. Der Patriarch is bound with its originalfront wrapper.

Sir Moses Montefiore (17841885) was the most famous Anglo-Jew of the 19th century. Montefiore was, from 1827, after his first visit to Erez Israel, until the end of his life, a strictly observant Jew. His determined opposition checked the growth of the Reform movement in England. He has been described as the last of the shtadlanim who by their personal standing with their governments were able to further the cause of Jews elsewhere. He was active as such from the time of the Damascus Affair in 1840. He made trips to Russia to persuade the authorities to alleviate persecution of the Jewish population, and went to Morocco, Rumania, and Turkey for the same purpose, not deterred by fears of slavery and imprisonment which then beset travelers in the East, or by breaking ice or by wolves in Russia. Montefiore was sheriff of London in 183738 and was knighted by Queen Victoria on her first visit to the City. He received a baronetcy in 1846 in recognition of his humanitarian efforts on behalf of his fellow Jews. His 100th birthday was celebrated as a public holiday by Jewish communities the world over.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Transylvania
History:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica