||An index to names in the Mishnah by the famous Protestant scholar. The names are written in Hebrew . The volume includes a foreword by Hugo Duensing.
Emil Schürer (1844–1910) was a leading Protestant New Testament scholar. Born in Augsburg, Germany, the son of a merchant, Schürer studied theology at the universities of Erlangen, Berlin, and Heidelberg. In Heidelberg he was particularly influenced by Richard Rothe. He received his doctorate at Leipzig in 1868 and taught at the universities of Giessen (from 1878), Kiel (from 1890), and Goettingen (from 1895).
Two achievements of his many-sided scholarship are especially noteworthy: his founding in Leipzig in 1876 of the Theologische Literaturzeitung, which he published for many years, thereby wielding an enduring influence on the critico-historical research of his time; and, even more important, his Geschichte des juedischen Volkes im Zeitalter Jesu Christi (Leipzig, 1901–09; index volume 1911). These were the third and fourth editions; the first appeared in 1874 under the title Lehrbuch der neutestamentlichen Zeitgeschichte and the second (Leipzig, 1886–1890) also appeared in English. In 1888 a partial translation appeared in Dutch. Another partial translation is A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus, edited with an introduction by Nahum N. Glatzer (New York, 1961, 1963).
Schürer's historiographic concept evolves from a thesis which he formulated in the introduction as follows: "There is not one detail in evangelic history, not one word in Jesus' message, which can be understood without a knowledge of Jewish history and of the Jewish people's world of ideas." An elucidation of New Testament history can therefore in particular be expected from research into post-biblical Judaism of this era. Schürer's achievement thus differs from that of all his predecessors by excluding from his study the non-Jewish ancient world and simultaneously by aspiring to make critical use as comprehensively as possible of all available sources (literary texts, inscriptions, papyri, coins), together with almost all of the so-called secondary literature. That his historical review commenced not with the conquest of Jerusalem by Pompey, but with the Maccabean revolt, because it was here that he detected the origins of later developments in the Jewish people's internal history, also constituted a new approach. Schürer's encyclopedic work, dry and without stylistic pretensions, does not attempt to put forward daring hypotheses or even historico-theological interpretations. Occasionally, he seems to show a cool reserve with regard to the material, which, in his presentation of the Jewish religion, leads to a conspicuous narrowing of his horizon, as he restricts himself to dealing only with the messianic expectation and with the external fulfillment of the Law. This reserve approaches unconcealed hostility in the chapter "Das Leben unter dem Gesetz" (II, 464–96) in which he deals with the legalistic side of Jewish piety, taking the point of view of the New Testament. Although in general the work has not been superseded to this day, many of its details are outdated, particularly because so many new sources have become available since then, for instance the Dead Sea Scrolls, which have opened entirely new horizons. A lack of appreciation for, and the sparse use made of, rabbinical literature have resulted in an uneven presentation of the wide scope of Jewish religious life. Finally, the increasing recognition of the close interconnection between Judaism and Hellenism during this period has led modern research to depart from Schürer's conclusions. Nevertheless, despite the erosion caused in his theories through the scientific progress of the last 60 years, his work is still an impressive monument to thorough German scholarship.