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Bidding Information
Lot #    14140
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 11:40:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sha'arei Tshuvah
Title (Hebrew)    שערי תשובה
Author    [Liturgy - Kabbalah]
City    Livorno (Leghorn)
Publisher    Elijah Benamozugh
Publication Date    1880
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   76 ff., 185:116 mm., light age staining, nice margins. A very good copy bound in contemproary fullleather boards, ruled in gild.
   Kabbalistic liturgies to be recited at midnight in memory of the destruction of the Temple and for the restoration to the Land of Israel. This custom developed from the rabbinic description of G-d mourning the destruction. It is recorded that during the night He "sits and roars like a lion, exclaiming: `Woe to the children, on account of whose sins I destroyed My house and burnt My temple and exiled them among the nations of the world'" (Ber. 3a). The hour of midnight was chosen because David arose at this hour to study and pray, as it is said, "At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto Thee" (Ps. 119:62; Ber. 3b–4a).

This practice became formalized under the influence of the Kabbalah during the period of R. Isaac Luria (Ari z'l). Two separate forms of the service developed known as Tikkun Rahel and Tikkun Le'ah. Tikkun Rahel, consisting of Psalms 137 and 79 and Tehinnot on the destruction of the Temple, is recited on days when Tahanun is said. On the Sabbath, festivals, and days when Tahanun is omitted, Tikkun Le'ah, consisting of more joyful psalms, such as 111 and 126, and selections from the Mishnah (Tamid ch. 1), is recited.

Paragraph 2    ... סדר תקון חצות ותקון לאה וקינים והגה אשר נקבו בשמות, ארים על שפאים. אלהי קדם מעונה. בורא עד אנא. וכהנה רבות... ואחר סמוך סליחות לכל חדש אלול... ובתוכם... בקשה חדשה לערב ר"ה ויוה"כ [ראש השנה ויום הכיפורים] לרבי יהודה הלוי ז"ל ושתים אחרות לרבי משה ורבי אברהם בן עזרא... מלבד פיוט אל נגלה לויעבור להמאור הגדול רש"י... סדר התרת נדרים וקללות ותפלת בית עלמין לר"ה ויוה"כ וסדר ותשליך... שנת א'ל' ת'א'ח'ר'

נדפס דף-על-דף כמו ליוורנו תרל"ג.

   CD-EPI 0303717; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Bindings:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica