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Bidding Information
Lot #    14176
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 11:58:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Divre Hakhmim
Title (Hebrew)    דברי חכמים
Author    [International Dateline] R. Mordecai Zevi Weissman
City    Warsaw
Publisher    Isaac Goldman
Publication Date    1876
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 64 pp., 205:132 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in modern half cloth over boards.
   Responsa, clarifications, and polemical writings concerning the issue of Jewish laws in connection with crossing the International Dateline. The International Dateline accepted by most countries (hereafter referred to as the Civil Dateline) is an imaginary line zigzagging around 180° Longitude through the Pacific Ocean, separating one day from the other. If it is 1:00 p.m. Monday on the eastern side of the Dateline, it is 1:00 p.m. Tuesday on the western side. Therefore, if one travels from the United States to China a day is "lost." For example, if one crosses at noon Monday, one would turn his watch (with date display) ahead from noon Monday to noon Tuesday as he crosses the line from east to west, "skipping" Monday afternoon and night, and Tuesday morning. When one travels from China to the United States a day is "gained," as one would turn his watch back from noon Tuesday to noon Monday. This person will experience Monday afternoon and night, and Tuesday morning, twice.

Various Rishonim, early commentators, and many Acharonim, later commentators, have written extensively on this topic. Theoretically, persons on one side of the line would recite kiddish while the other side recites havdala. It may be possible for those who want two days of Shabbat to cross from west to east after shalosh seudas and start Shabbat again. Those who want to skip almost all of Shabbos could cross Main Street from east to west and go from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday. When is the eight day for a travelling infant in need od circumcision; the count of a niddah; etc.

Paragraph 2    יכלכל כל מענה הרבנים ... על שאלת החכם ... חיים זעליג סלאנימסקי נ"י, בהמגיד משנת תרל"ב נומר 10, ע"ד [על דבר] העוברים את הים המזרחי איזה שבת ישמרו. ובו יבואר אם יש לנו עפ"י התורה מערדיאן קבוע ואנה מקומו ... קבצתי פה ... כל דבריהם עם הערות רבות מאתי בענין זה ... מאתי מרדכי צבי הלוי איש סובאלק ...

מכתבים [הסכמות]: ר' שמואל ב"ר י[הודה] מאהליווער, ראדום, יד כסלו תרל"ו; חיים זעליג ב"ר יעקב סלאנימסקי ווארשא, ח טבת תרל"ו.

   CD-EPI 0131462
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica