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Bidding Information
Lot #    14222
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 12:21:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tikkun Hazot
Title (Hebrew)    תקון חצות
Author    [Kabbalah - Liturgy]
City    Venice
Publisher    Gad Poah at Stamperia Bragadina
Publication Date    1794
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   55 pp., 124:86 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining. A very good copy bound in later cloth over boards, rubbed.
   Kabbalistic liturgies to be recited at midnight in memory of the destruction of the Temple and for the restoration to the Land of Israel. This custom developed from the rabbinic description of G-d mourning the destruction. It is recorded that during the night He "sits and roars like a lion, exclaiming: `Woe to the children, on account of whose sins I destroyed My house and burnt My temple and exiled them among the nations of the world'" (Ber. 3a). The hour of midnight was chosen because David arose at this hour to study and pray, as it is said, "At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto Thee" (Ps. 119:62; Ber. 3b–4a).

This practice became formalized under the influence of the Kabbalah during the period of R. Isaac Luria (Ari z'l). Two separate forms of the service developed known as Tikkun Rahel and Tikkun Le'ah. Tikkun Rahel, consisting of Psalms 137 and 79 and Tehinnot on the destruction of the Temple, is recited on days when Tahanun is said. On the Sabbath, festivals, and days when Tahanun is omitted, Tikkun Le'ah, consisting of more joyful psalms, such as 111 and 126, and selections from the Mishnah (Tamid ch. 1), is recited.

Paragraph 2    שנוהגים בכל ארץ הקדושה... בשנת ובהר ציון ת'ה'י'ה' פ'ל'י'ט'ה' והיה קדש

תקון חצות עם "תקון הנפש" ו"לטהר המחשבה", הועתקו מספר שערי ציון, שער א ושער ב. נוספו פיוטים אחדים. דף לד-מו: תקון שלש משמרות (נספח לתיקון חצות). נערך על ידי ר' יעקב ב"ר מרדכי ממדינת פולד. נדפס לראשונה(?) בפרנקפורט דאדר כך בכמה הוצאות של שערי ציון (ויניציאה תקי"א, ועוד). דף מו,ב-נה: י"ג עיקרים; סדר מסירת המודעא; וידוי; סדר עננו שסידר ר' שלום מזרחי שרעבי. פועל הדפוס: מנחם בן יעקב מאיסטרו.

   CD-EPI 0303680; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica