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Bidding Information
Lot #    14316
Auction End Date    4/25/2006 1:08:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    She'elot u-Teshuvot Shivah Eini'im
Title (Hebrew)    שאלות ותשובות שבעה עינים
Author    [Only Ed. - Women] R. Solomon Kluger
City    Lemberg
Publisher    S. L. Kugel ,Lewin et Comp.
Publication Date    1864
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 62 ff., 237:182 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in modern cloth over boards.
   Polemical responsa dealing with a Levirate Marriage by R. Solomon b. Judah Aaron Kluger (1785–1869), talmudist and halakhist. This book is directed against R. Eliezer Segal Landau (1778-1831) of Brody who had written against the author’s dispensation with regard to a levirate woman. The publisher of this book was Rabbi Kluger’s son, R. Hayyim Judah, who bitterly attacks and criticises R. Landau in his introduction. The story that led to this book was as follows: a widow without children whose husband had no brothers sought to marry a new husband. Suddenly, her late husband’s mother claimed that her own husband had had a son by a previous marriage who had run away to Brisk as a result of ill-treatment at the hands of his father. R. Kluger (1785-1869) reached a halakhic decision that there was absolutely no foundation to this claim and that the widow was free to remarry without halitzah. R. Landau bitterly opposed this decision and endeavoured to find support among his rabbinic colleagues against R. Kluger. This proved impossible and R. Kluger was supported by all the major rabbinic leaders of the day. The woman remarried and had a daughter despite doctor’s predictions that it was medically impossible for her to get pregnant. At the time, the birth was taken by all as conclusive proof that G-d Himself wanted to show that R. Kluger’s decision had been correct.

R. Kluger became known as the Maggid of Brody and as Ma-Ha-RSHa-K (Morenu ha-Rav Shelomo Kluger). He received his early education from his father, the rabbi of Komarov, who died during Solomon's boyhood. At 13 he went to Zamosc where he studied under R. Mordecai Reuben and R. Jacob Kranz, the famous maggid of Dubno. He soon became known as an illui ("prodigy"). For a time he lived in Rava where he became a shopkeeper, but failed. He was then prevailed upon to accept the post of rabbi at Kolki; from there he went to Josefov and in 1820 to Brody, where he remained for about 50 years. R. Kluger had a great reputation which still endures. A prolific writer, he wrote hundreds of responsa. He is said to have written 375 books, the numerical equivalent of his name Solomon; the list of his known works comprises no less then 174, of which 15 were published during his life and 15 posthumously. R. Kluger was an extremist in his orthodoxy, vehemently opposing the maskilim, whose influence was already making itself felt in Brody, and fighting against every endeavor to change the least important of religious customs prevalent in Eastern Europe. He led the opposition to the use of machine-baked unleavened bread for Passover, but in this he was actuated mainly by social considerations, claiming that it would rob many poor people of a much needed source of income on Passover.

Paragraph 2    ... ממקור... מוה' שלמה קלוגר ראב"ד ומ"צ דק"ק בראד... ואני הצעיר חיים יהודה בהגאון המחבר לקטתי... במקומות מפוזרים בין כתבי קודש דמר אבי... וגם דברי חכמים... אשר נתנו... לאשר ולקיים דבריו אספתי... כולם ביחד...

רוב הספר דן בענין היתר יבמה. דף לב,ב-לז: דברי ריבות. תשובת המערער... אלעזר סג"ל לנדא ... בראד. ובשוליה השגותיו של ר' שלמה קלוגר, בשם דמשק אליעזר. דף מח,ב-סב: קונטרס הוראות, מרב אחד [ר' אלעזר לנדא הנז'] אשר נטע אהל (פה [ברודי])... ויצא לידון שלא כתורה... לאחר כל הוראה באה תשובתו של ר' שלמה קלוגר, בשם דין אמת.

   CD-EPI 0164113; EJ; Wunder, Me’orei Galicia, 3:612, 4:482,496
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Other:    Women
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica