||"The yeshiva of the Kabbalists, Nezer Sholom (named for R. Shalom Sharabi and for R. Shimon Horwitz) where people pray with Kavana the prayers of the morning, afternoon and evening, on weekdays and on the Sabbath and Holidays…and study every day for 3 hours the words of the Ariz"l (R. Yitzhak Luria)…and pray for the welfare of all of Israel that we should have a true redemption from Heaven -
These Rabbis that study and pray in the new synagogue of the Kabbalist… at 6 Rechov Shiloh …purchased it for 28 thousand lirot…everyone should come and see these great luminaries -
Signed by 14 Rabbis, including R. Mordechai Sharabi, R. Aharon Ashkenzai, et al.
R. Shalom Sharabi (1720–1777), Jerusalem kabbalist. R. Sharabi was born in Sana in Yemen, where the study of Kabbalah and mysticism was widespread. in his youth, he emigrated to Erez Israel via Damascus. In Damascus he was involved in a controversy with the local rabbis concerning the meaning of the minimum quantity ("the size of an olive") prescribed for the eating of mazzah on Passover night. When he arrived in Jerusalem, he prayed and studied at the kabbalistic yeshivah Bet El, which was founded in 1737 by the kabbalist Gedaliah Hayon. There the prayers were held in accordance with the mystical meditations of Isaac Luria. Like the Jerusalem kabbalists, he studied only the Lurianic Kabbalah, as transmitted through the works of Hayyim Vital, Luria's outstanding pupil. Soon he became widely known as a man of outstanding piety and as a kabbalist. Sharabi succeeded Gedaliah Hayon as head of the yeshivah after the latter's death (1751). During his leadership, he did much for the yeshivah, initiated important regulations and arranged the order of prayer. He became known as one of the greatest rabbis in Jerusalem and his signature appears on several documents preserved from this period. In 1754 and 1758, he and other rabbis of Jerusalem signed the note binding the association of kabbalists, Ahavat Shalom. In 1774 he signed next to the leaders of the community of Jerusalem on a letter for emissaries to Western Europe.
R. Sharabi's life was embellished by legends even from his youth, and in Erez Israel he was famous as a saint and miracle worker. Popular tradition links his departure from Yemen with a miracle that occurred after a rich Muslim woman tried to seduce him. In Bet El he worked as a servant and hid his learning from others; only miraculously was his deep knowledge of Kabbalah discovered and he became a member of the kabbalistic circle. According to legend, the prophet Elijah appeared to him and he was an incarnation of R. Luria. After his death, his name became greatly revered among the Jews of Jerusalem and among the kabbalists of Bet El. His grandson, R. Solomon Moses Hai Gagin, wrote a poem of praise on his expertise in Ez Hayyim and in Shemonah She'arim of R. Hayyim Vital. The members of Bet El used to prostrate themselves on his grave on the Mount of Olives on the commemoration of his death. His signature was Shalom Mizrahi di-Ydi'a Sharabi and his titles Ha-Reshash or Ha-Shemesh (both are Hebrew acronyms of Shalom Mizrahi Sharabi).
R. Shimon Horowitz was a noted Kabbalist who was the head of a Yeshiva called Sha'ar Shamayim. Yeshiva Shaar Hashamaim ("the Gate of Heaven") is unique in that it combines the learning of the commonly learned subjects of the Torah together with the learning of the hidden science of Jewish Mysticism known as Kabbalah. The Kabbalah classes in Yeshiva Shaar Hashamaim are unprecedented anywhere, for only here is the Kabbalah openly and formally studied on a high scholastic standard. In this seemingly non-mystical setting the teachings of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai and the Holy Ari-Z'l are studied with tremendous intensity and depth. Here the students study with profound devotion and commitment throughout the day, and many of the students learn though the late hours of the night, since some sacred scriptures are learned only after midnight when, according to the Kabbalah, the atmosphere is pure and when the calmness of spirit necessary for attaining the love of, yearning for, and unity with the Almighty Creator can be achieved.
The Academy was established in Jerusalem in 5666 (1906) inside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem by two great scholars - R. Shimon Horowitz and R. Hayyim Judah Leib Auerbach (father of the late R. Shlomo Zalman Auerbach). The enthusiastic encouragement and support offered the Yeshiva by the great Torah luminaries of that time in the Holy Land as well as in Europe brought about a renaissance of Kabbalah in which the Yeshiva prospered as one of the leading centers of Torah learning in Jerusalem in the era between the two World Wars.