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Bidding Information
Lot #    16305
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:08:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zikhron Yosef
Title (Hebrew)    שו'ת זכרון יוסף
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Joseph Steinhardt
City    Feurth
Publisher    Itzik Bookbinder
Publication Date    1773
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [3], 24, [1], 25-46, 46-67, 67-119, [2] ff., folio, 335:201 mm., extra wide margins, usual age staining, old hands. A very good copy loose in contemporary boards, split. Includes the oft lacking polemical introduction page.
Paragraph 1    The R. issac Dov ha-Levi Bamberger copy with his son's inscription on final fly. R. Isaac Dov ha-Levi Bamberger, (Wuerzburger Rav; 1807–1878), rabbinical scholar and leader of German Orthodoxy. Born in the Bavarian village of Wiesenbronn, R. Bamberger studied at the yeshivah of Fuerth and in his native village. R. Bamberger opposed the proponents of Reform at a meeting of Jewish communities of Lower Franconia in 1834, and at an assembly of notables called by the Bavarian government in 1836 where he represented R. A. Bing, the district rabbi of Wuerzburg. In 1840 he was elected to succeed Bing in the face of fierce opposition from the Reformers. R. Bamberger continued the local yeshivah, founded an elementary school in 1855, and a teachers' training college in 1864. In 1872 he signed a declaration by German and Austrian rabbis demanding that Orthodox Jews leave the Reform-dominated, state-established congregations in accordance with the recently passed Secession Law. However, five years later he was induced by opponents of Secession in Frankfort to approve continued membership in congregations which provided for the needs of the Orthodox, thus lending his authority to the establishment of the so-called Communal Orthodoxy. This led to a heated controversy with R.S.R. Hirsch, the father of Secessionist Orthodoxy. In contrast to R. Hirsch and R. E. Hildesheimer, who spoke for the urban, middle-class ba'alei-battim, R. Bamberger represented (and typified) the unsophisticated, tradition-minded Landsjude of the small town and rural communities of southern Germany.

The "Wuerzburger Rav," as he was called, was one of the last great German-style talmudists, and his literary work was chiefly devoted to subjects of practical halakhah; Melekhet Shamayim (on the writing of Torah Scrolls etc., 18602); Moreh la-Zovehim (handbooks for shohatim, 18642); Nahalei Devash (on the law of halizah, 1867). Bamberger also wrote a commentary on Isaac ibn Ghayyat's halakhic compendium (Sha'arei Simhah, 2 pts., 1861–62) and a treatise on the Al Tikrei formula in Talmud and Midrash (Korei be-Emet, 2 pts., 1871–78). His responsa appeared posthumously in Zekher Simhah (1925), Neti'ah shel Simhah (1928), and Yad ha-Levi (1965), all published by one or another of his descendants. Together with R. A. Adler and M. Lehmann, Bamberger published a German translation of the Pentateuch (1873, 19137) on behalf of the Orthodox-Israelitische Bibelanstalt to counter L. Philippson's Bible translation, against which he had published a polemical pamphlet (1860).

   Responsa and rulings on the four divisions of the Shulhan Arukh, with an appendix of his novellae and sermons by R. Joseph b. Menahem Steinhardt (1720–1776), German rabbi and posek. R. Steinhardt studied at the yeshivah of R. Jacob b. Benjamin ha-Kohen Poppers, in Frankfort. In 1746 he lived in Schwabach, Bavaria. He later served as rabbi of Alsace, with his seat at Rixheim. In 1755 he was appointed chief rabbi of Niederenheim in Lower Alsace, and from 1763 until his death served as rabbi of Furth. Among his pupils were R. Mordecai Banet of Mikulov, R. Moses Tobiah Sondheimer of Hanau, and R. Benjamin Ze'ev Wolf Heidenheim. His fame as a halakhic authority was such that problems were addressed to him from Hungary (his: Zikhron Yosef 4c, et al.), Italy (5c, 48a, 87b), Amsterdam (84c), and Switzerland (58b). He maintained a regular correspondence with his brother-in-law, R. Isaiah b. Judah Leib Berlin, with whom he communicated on various problems. In his work R. Steinhardt quotes comments and novellae by his learned wife, Kreindel, R. Isaiah Berlin's sister; Kreindel also urged her husband to publish his work. He was the author of: Mashbir Bar (1828), commentaries on the Pentateuch; and Ko'ah Shor, novellae to Bava Batra. These works were published by his grandson, Akiva Steinhardt, the rabbi of Kubin, Hungary. He declined to give a ruling on his own authority in difficult problems, emphasizing that he was one of "those apprehensive of giving rulings," and suggested that the concurrence of authoritative rabbis be sought (Zikhron Yosef 39a–b, 65b, 77b, et al.).

He took a firm stand on fundamental issues that were likely to undermine morality and religion. He was especially opposed to mixed dancing, and stressed in his responsum that "any rabbi and instructor is obligated to protest and to abolish any type of mixed dancing that is planned for his city during a festival." In the course of his responsa, he describes how he canceled a dance arranged in Niederenheim, even after the Jewish community had obtained permission from the secular authorities (22d no. 17). In the introduction to his responsa he inveighs against the Shabbateans, and particularly against the Hasidim. Because of his inimical attitude toward them, the Hasidim took steps to have those sections of his introduction directed at them removed, and in many editions the whole of the introduction is indeed missing.

R. Steinhardt mentions that he was "greatly punished by the death of children and grandchildren... and few of many remained to him." His son R. Moses (d. 1799) was the author of a Judeo-German commentary to the Sha'ar ha-Yihud of Bahya's Hovot ha-Levavot (Fuerth, 1765).

Paragraph 2    ... כסדר ארבע טורים ... עם חידושי פוסקים ... אשר חיבר ... ר' יוסף נר"ו בן כהר"ר מנחם משטיינהרט אב"ד ור"מ דקהילתינו ... ואגפי' ולפנים היה אב"ד במדינות עלזוז ...

בשער: לפרט ו'י'ו'ס'ף' ה'ו'א' ה'ש'ל'י'ט' בכל ה'ארץ [תקל"ג]. בסוף הספר (דף [1]) חותם המחבר: היום יום ה טוב כסליו תקל"ד. דך [3,ב]: שיר, מאת המחבר, הפותח: אנכי המחבר ספרי זה וקראתי אותו בשם זכרון יוסף. בהמשך העמוד: אמר המגיה ... שמעון נפתלי יכונה הירש בן ... ר' נתנאל ווייל זצ"ל. דף צח-קיט: חידושים ודרשות. דף קיט,ב: שבעה חרוזות ... הודאה ... על העבר. עוד שבעה בתים אחרים ... מתפלל על העתיד ... השיר פותח: אברך את אלהינו אשר עד כה עזרני. הקדמת המחבר נתלשה, מרוב הטפסים, על-ידי החסידים. עי': שמואל ווינער , קהלת משה, עמ' 431, מס' 3566.

   CD-EPI 0169598; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
History:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica