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Bidding Information
Lot #    16322
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:16:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ma’aseh Tuviyyah
Title (Hebrew)    מעשה טובי'
Author    [Medical] Tobias Cohn
City    Jessnitz
Publisher    Israel b. Abraham
Publication Date    1721
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [4], 122 ff., 205:165 mm., usual light age staining, nice margins, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary leather boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   Illustrated encyclopedic work dealing with theology, astronomy, cosmography, geography, botany, with medicine taking up about half of the entire text. A feature of this edition is the full page copper plate portrait of the author on the verso of the first, German, title page. The Hebrew title page follows, five pages of approbations, and a dedication to R. Judah Feiffer. The text is in three parts, each with its own title page. The first part has a preface and a three page list of individuals who supported publication, followed by additional approbations, and an introduction.

Cohen describes the system of Copernicus but rejects it on religious grounds. On the other hand, he enthusiastically supports the Harvey system of blood circulation. At the request of friends from Poland, he deals at length with the disease then common in Poland. He stresses the chemical aspect of stomach diseases, in contrast to the then still prevalent system of Galen. Although Cohn adheres to the old system of medicine, he is fully conscious of new trends, especially in surgery and in chemistry. He applies exact measurements in his scientific work, especially in thermometry. One of Cohn's innovations is the comparison of the human body to a house. The head was the roof, the eyes the windows, and the mouth, the doorway; the chest was the upper storey, the intestines were the middle storey, the lungs were water tanks and the legs, foundations. His remedies were laxatives, emetics, cupping glasses, and bleeding, but he demolished many superstitions and criticized the anti-Jewish professors of Frankfort on the Oder as well as Jews who were devoted to Kabbalah and blindly believed in miracles. His theories relating to infant care and pediatrics were advanced for his age.

Tobias ben Moses Cohn (1652–1729) was a physician and author. His father was a rabbi in Metz who died when Tobias was 9 years old. He was then sent to his relatives in Cracow, where he got a traditional Jewish education. Later he went to Frankfort on the Oder to study medicine. He even got a scholarship from the elector of Brandenburg. He studied at the University of Padua and then went to Turkey where he served as a court physician until the age of 62, when he went to Jerusalem in order to concentrate on the study of Torah.

          
Paragraph 2    ... ועתה נדפס פעם שנית ... חלק א-ג. לס' ופרט ויקרא' שמו צפנת' פ'ענח

דף [3, א]: התנצלות המגיה, ר' צבי הירש ב"ר מאיר מיאנוב. השירים שבהוצאה הראשונה, גם שירי הפתיחה והחתימה של המחבר, נשמטו. עם ההסכמות של ר' דוד אופנהיים ושל רבני ויניציאה, מן ההוצאה הראשונה. הסכמות חדשות: ר' יחיאל מיכל [חסיד] ב"ר יהודא ליב [דרשן], ברלין, ח טבת [תפ"א]; ר' צבי הירש ב"ר נפתלי הירץ, הלברשטאט, כב כסליו תפ"א; ר' יוסף יצחק ב"ר גרשון, דעסויא, כו כסליו תפ"א.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0134046; EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Science
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica