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Bidding Information
Lot #    16332
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:21:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Ben Yeshai
Title (Hebrew)    בן ישי
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Judah Shalom Yenisai
City    Vienna
Publisher    Anton Strauss
Publication Date    1827
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 143 ff., 154:102 mm., light age staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary marbled paper boards, lightly rubbed.
   Only edition of this multi-lingual Hebrew-Italian work on the Hebrew calendar with calculations of the cycles of the months from1822-1981. The title page describes its purpose as being to explain and instruct with in the simplest fashion the calculation of times in Hebrew and Italian. It is accompanied with calculations for one hundred sixty years for establishing the molad. Ben Yeshai was written in in 1822 in Trieste. There are approbations from R. Mordecai Benet, R. Aaron Lattes, R. Abraham Regio, and R. Eliezer ha-Levi. Next is R. Yenisai’s preface, followed by his introduction on the Hebrew calendar, both in Hebrew and Italian on facing pages. The introduction is comprised of thirteen chapters, general rules, and an epilogue. The accompanying charts are entirely in Hebrew. After the charts for the 160 year calcualtiojns of the molad is a section on festivals and Rosh Hodesh. Ben Yeshai concludes with an explanatory section in Hebrew-Italian and errata.

The Hebrew calendar (luah) is a systematic arrangement of the days of the year, reckonng the days from evening to evening, in keeping with the biblical order of Creation. The present Jewish calendar is lunisolar, the months being reckoned according to the moon and the years according to the sun. A month is the period of time between one conjunction of the moon with the sun and the next. The conjunction of the moon with the sun is the point in time at which the moon is directly between the earth and the sun (but not on the same plane) and is thus invisible. An important element in the current Jewish calendar is the announcement of the exact occurrence of Shabbat, festivals, and fasts, all noted here. The solar year is 365 days, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds, which means that a solar year exceeds a lunar one (12 months) by about 11 days. The cycles of 12 lunar months must therefore be adjusted to the solar year, because although the Jewish festivals are fixed according to dates in months.

Paragraph 2    ... ללמוד ... סדר חשבון העתים גם בלשון הקודש גם בלשון איטלייא עם לוח המחזורים לתקופת שמואל ... ועוד ... לוח אחד לק"ס שנים (תקפ"ב-תשמ"א) ... גם יד לוחות לקביעות המועדים ... ממני ... יהודה שלום ינייסי ... פה טריאסטי ... עברית ואיטלקית, עמוד מול עמוד, חוץ מן הלוחות שלא ניתנו אלא בעברית.

הסכמות: ר' מרדכי בנעט, ניקאלשבורג, ח טבת תקפ"ה; ר' אליהו אהרן לאטאש, ויניציאה, ד שבט תקפ"ו; ר' אברהם ריגייו, גוריציאה, ראש-חודש מרחשון תקפ"ו; ר' אברהם אליעזר הלוי, טריאסטי, כח אלול תקפ"ד.

   BE bet 1069; EJ; CD-EPI 0135939
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Austria
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica