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Bidding Information
Lot #    16363
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:36:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Eine Zeitschrift
Author    [Only Ed.] Dr. Michael Creizenach
City    Mainz
Publisher    S. Muller'schen
Publication Date    1824
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [1], 486 pp., 202:121 mm., nice margins, light age staining, stamps. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards.
   Michael Creizenach (17891842) was a German educator and theologian. He is one of the most typical representatives of the era of transition, following the epoch of Mendelssohn, whose chief aim was the regeneration of Judaism by the methods of Talmudic dialecticism, which, as they imagined, would win over the Orthodox and yet achieve the necessary progress. Creizenach was educated in the traditional way, devoting his whole time to Talmudic studies; and he was sixteen years old when he began to acquire the elements of secular knowledge. This was during the French occupation, when a liberal spirit, greeted enthusiastically by both Jews and Christians, permeated the society of the ancient center of Catholic Germany. He studied mathematics with great zeal, and wrote text-books of the science. Through his influence a Jewish school was founded in Mayence, whose principal he was, at the same time giving private instruction. He was a very popular teacher, and counted many Christians among his pupils. In 1825 Creizenach was appointed teacher at the Philanthropin in Frankfort, where he found in I. M. Jost an enthusiastic coworker in pedagogic and reform endeavors. He held services regularly in the hall of the school, and introduced confirmation exercises. His literary works were also devoted to the advocacy of Reform on the basis of rabbinical Judaism. With this object he wrote his "Shulhan Aruk," in which he essayed to prove that the Talmud as a whole was untenable, but that a compromise with modern ideas could be effected in the same dialectical way in which the Rabbis had harmonized the Law with the exigencies of their time. In the later parts of his work, however, he abandoned this view; advocating a return to pure Mosaism, which a year after his death was more distinctly proclaimed as the program of the Frankfort Reformverein, at the head of which was his son Theodor. In spite of his Reform tendencies, Creizenach was deeply interested in Hebrew literature, especially in Hebrew fiction, and during the last two years of his life edited with his friend Jost the Hebrew periodical "Zion."
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Reform:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica