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Bidding Information
Lot #    16372
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:41:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Turgeman, sive Interpres Ebraeo-Chaldaicus
Title (Hebrew)    Rabbinismus Enucleatus; Paradigmata Nominum
Author    Johann Andreas Danz (Danzius)
City    Jena
Publication Date    1745-46
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Partial first editions. 361 ff., [42] pp.; 112 pp. [12] ff.; [22] ff., 130 pp., 170:98 mm., nice margins, usual light age and damps staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary full leathr boards, rubbed.
   Titles: Turgeman, sive Interpres Ebraeo-Chaldaicus: Rabbinismus Enucleatus: Paradigmata Nominum simplicium, AC VCerborum . . .

Three independent works in Latin on Hebrew-Chaldaic (Aramaic) syntax and language by the renowned Christian-Hebraist Johann Andreas Danz (Danzius). The first part, Turgeman, sive Interpres Ebraeo-Chaldaicus was first published as part of a larger work. However, this volume, also of considerable size, was after separated and published by itself. It deals with the syntax, of the Hebrew language. The title page and first page have decorative material, including one of a man (King David) with a harp. The text has extensive accompanying annotations and occasional Hebrew. It concludes with an extensive index. The second work, Rabbinismus Enucleatus is a Hebrew-Aramaic grammar, also in Latin and extensively annotated; it too concludes with an index. The final title is Paradigmata Nominum simplicium, AC VCerborum . . . It has an extensive preface, text with notes in Greek and tables of conjugation at the end.

Johann Andreas Danz (Danzius, 16541727), German Protestant theologian and Hebraist, born in Sundhausen, near Gotha. Danz studied at Wittenberg and at Hamburg, where he learned Hebrew under Esdras Edzardi; and he became professor of Oriental languages at the University of Jena, at first in the philosophical, and after 1713 in the theological faculty. He was considered the greatest Hebrew scholar among his Christian contemporaries. One of the foremost Christian Hebraists of his time, Danz tried to present Hebrew grammar systematically and his text-books on Hebrew grammar, remained standard works for nearly a century, but in fact were only partially successful, since many of the constructions were artificial. His first work, Kelippei Egozim ("Nutshells"): Nucifrangibulum Sanctae Scripturae Veteris Testamenti Linguam Hebraicam Enucleans (Jena, 1686), is divided into two parts. The first (later also published separately, under the title Medakdek, sive Literator Ebraeo-Chaldaicus, Jena, 1694) deals with the etymology of the Hebrew language. Here Danz developed his Systema Trium Morarum (the three-beat-syllable method), and he also explains the Hebrew vocalization. The second part of the book is Turgeman, sive Interpres Ebraeo-Chaldaicus. In Aditus Syriae Reclusus (1688 and several republications) he deals with difficult passages in Syriac. He also published Spicilegium (Jena, 1689); Segulata de-Rabbanan, sive Rabbinismus Enucleatus (Jena, 1699, and several editions); Compendium Grammaticae Ebraicae-Chaldaicae (Jena, 1699, and several editions), a Hebrew-Aramaic grammar, later translated into German (Breslau, 1784); and Sinceritas Scripturae Veteris Testamenti Praevalente keri Vacillans... (Jena, 1713; annotations, ibid., 1717), a book in defense of the masoretic text (ketiv).

   EJ; Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 195, Leipsic, 1863; JE; Steinschneider, in Z. H. B. ii. 124.E. C; Wolf, Bibl. Hebr. ii. 591, 605.
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Grammar
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Latin, Hebrew, Chaldic
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica