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Bidding Information
Lot #    16376
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 10:43:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Regole ... Universita Degli Ebrei di Ferrara
Author    [Community - Only Ed.]
City    Ferrara
Publisher    Stameria Reverenda Camera
Publication Date    1722
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 16, [1] pp., 287:223 mm., light age and damp staining, extra wide margins. A very good copy bound as issued.
          
Detailed
Description
   Jews had already lived in Ferrara for centuries, the challenges presented by the events of the sixteenth century impelled the disparate elements of Ferrarese Jewish society to formally re-organize in 1573 under the title of 'Universita degli Ebrei di Ferrara." Led by Isaac Ben Judah Abravanel (grandson of the biblical commentator) the community was run by eighteen delegates (later increased to 62) chosen by lot. Each member who possessed more than fifty scudi was obliged to contribute to the communal funds, and a commission of eight members was appointed to establish the sum to be raised and oversee its collection.

From 1598 to 1796 Ferrara was subject to the papacy, so that any regulations passed by the Universita had to be published under papal auspices. Besides ordinary taxes, the community had to pay rents for houses in the ghetto, whether inhabited or not, and whether or not the tenants themselves could afford to pay. Increasing poverty required increasing sums for charity, taxes rose, and many wealthy people left the city. Regulations were passed to prevent anyone from removing his wealth from the city without permission, and a 2% tax was passed on the property of those who left. Beneath the text of each regulation, is a tally of the commision's vote in passing the measure.

While the text of the regulations is in Italian, many times, the pamphlets have additions in Hebrew emphasizing the importance of certain individual regulations and warning of the excommunication (herem) of anyone who failed to adhere to them. The formal Hebrew decree of excommunication appended to these regulations served both to emphasize the authority of the "Universita" and to insure that no individual could evade the regulation by professing ignorance of the Italian language. Among the promulgators of these writs of excommunication was R. Isaac Lampronti, communal leader and author of the encyclopedic Pahad Yitzhak.

          
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Italy:    Checked
  
Subject
Customs:    Checked
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Italian, Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica