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Bidding Information
Lot #    16537
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 12:03:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ru'ah Hen
Title (Hebrew)    רוח חן
Author    [Kariate - First Ed.] Israel of Zamosc
City    Yevpatoriya
Publication Date    1834
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First edition of commentary. 27 ff., 216:165 mm., wide margins, worming skillfully repaired. A good copy bound in modern half cloth and marbled paper boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   By R. Judah Ibn Tibbon with the commentary of Israel b. Moses ha-Levi of Zamosc (c. 17001772), Talmudist, mathematician, and one of the early Haskalah writers. Born in Bobrka, Galicia, he was raised in Zamosc, where he studied and later taught at the yeshivah. At the same time, he took up secular studies, especially mathematics. In 1740 Zamosc went to Germany where he published Nezah Yisrael (Frankfort on the Oder, 1741), one of the first attempts to use secular knowledge in interpreting biblical and talmudic literature. For several years he lived in Berlin, under the patronage of the wealthy Daniel Itzig (Jaffe), and was one of the founders of the Haskalah movement. One of his pupils was Moses Mendelssohn to whom he taught astronomy and mathematics, and through whom he met non-Jewish writers and scholars (including Lessing who mentions him in a letter to Mendelssohn). His dedication to the Haskalah movement aroused the ire of Jewish religious fanatics, and he was compelled to move from place to place in Germany and in Poland, settling finally in Brody, where he died. His secular studies led him to an interest in Jewish medieval literature, and in addition to Nezah Yisrael he also published a commentary to Sefer Ru'ah Hen, attributed to Judah ibn Tibbon, on the philosophical terms and foreign words in Maimonides' Guide (Jessnitz, 1744). Among his works published posthumously, Nezed ha-Dema, a didactic work in poetical prose (Dyhernfurth, 1773; Lyck, 1862), is said by some scholars to show philosophical tendencies opposing Hasidism. Other writings published posthumously are: Ozar Nehmad (Vienna, 1796), a commentary on the Kuzari by Judah Halevi; and Tuv ha-Levanon (Vienna, 1809), a commentary on Bahya ibn Paquda's Hovot ha-Levavot. Another work, Millin de-Rabbanan, attributed to Zamosc for a long time, has been shown by H. Liebermann (KS, 28 (1952/53), 416) to be of different authorship. Several articles on astronomy and general sciences were left in manuscript.
          
Paragraph 2    שחבר ... ר' שמואל בן יהודה אבן תבון[!] ... נוסף פרוש ... שחבר ... ר' ישראל [ב"ר משה הלוי מזאמושץ] נר"ו ... מחבר ספר ... נצח ישראל ... הובא תחת מכבש הדפוס ... ע"י ... כ"ר אהרן ... בכ"ר אברהם ... דמתקרי אוכסוז זצ"ל ... לפרט צ'ד'ק'ת' ה' עשה

בשולי השער: "שיר להרב יעקב דיין אנטולי זצ"ל" הפותח: ומאמר זה מאד ינעם לרואיו / ואיש שכל מאד יחפץ ויתאו. אוצר השירה והפיוט, ב, עמ' 194, מס' 331.

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0106591; EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Kariate
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica