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Bidding Information
Lot #    16569
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 12:19:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Letter by Theodor Herzl
Title (Hebrew)    Lithograph sketch of Herzl by Hermann Struck
Author    [Ms.]
City    Vienna - Berlin
Publication Date    1902; 1910
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [1] p., 228:145 mm., light age staining, matted, ink on Die Welt stationary, script, signed and dated, with:

Lithograph, 245:170 mm., numbered 56/400 and signed in pencil, matted.

   Theodor Herzl (Binyamin Ze'ev; 18601904), father of political Zionism and founder of the World Zionist Organization. Herzl was born in Budapest on May 2, 1860. In his childhood he used to accompany his father to the Liberal Temple, the Tabakgasse, near the house in which he was born. In general, his mother sought to educate him in the spirit of the German-Jewish "Enlightenment" of the period. In 1866 Herzl entered the Jewish elementary school in Pest; in 1870, the municipal Realschule; and in 1875 the classical evangelical high school, from which he graduated in 1878. While still a child, Herzl displayed writing ability, an interest in technology, and a drive for great achievements. In 1878, after the death of his only sister, Pauline (who was a year older than he, and whose passing left a deep scar on his emotional life), the family moved to Vienna, and Herzl enrolled at the faculty of law at the University of Vienna. In 1881 he joined Albia, a German students' society, but left in 1883 in protest against the anti-Semitism that he encountered in it. This protest was not a casual reaction on Herzl's part. The Jewish problem had caught his attention at least as early as 1882, when he read E. Duehring's Die Judenfrage als Rassen-Sitten-und Kulturfrage. Thereafter he was to return to this subject in various phases of his life and attempted to find a solution to it.

Hermann (Chaim Aharon) Struck - (18761944), graphic artist. Struck, born into an Orthodox Berlin family, studied at the Berlin Academy under Max Koner, where Hans Meyer introduced him to the art of etching. Struck joined the Zionist movement at an early age. in 1903, after several study trips throughout Europe, he visited Palestine and, on his way back to Germany, stopped in Vienna and met Herzl. This meeting inspired the famous portrait etching of the Zionist leader. During World War I Struck served with the German army in Lithuania. There he came in contact with East European Jews and was deeply impressed by their way of life. Skizzen aus Litauen, Weissrussland und Kurland (1916) and Das ostjuedische Antlitz (1920) reflect this experience. In 1923 he moved to Palestine and settled in Haifa. Struck's favorite technique was copper etching and its related processes although he did lithographs as well. His early work, done in pure etching, was usually signed with his Hebrew name, Hayyim Aharon ben David. From 1902 he mixed etching with vernis mou and aquatint. A master of his craft and an excellent teacher, Struck taught graphic techniques to such fellow artists as Chagall, Liebermann, Israels, and Corinth. His book Die Kunst des Radierens (1923), a popular guidebook for artists and connoisseurs, provides technical explanations and practical instruction. Struck excelled as a portraitist. Among his sitters were Ibsen, Nietzsche, Freud, and Einstein. He also did landscapes, Jewish types and scenes from Jewish life as well as many ex libris. Struck, who remained an Orthodox Jew, participated in Jewish public life and attended several Zionist congresses as one of the leaders of the Mizrachi Party. He was a member of the London Society of Painters, Etchers and Engravers.

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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Zionism
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
Kind of Judaica
Drawings:    Checked