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Bidding Information
Lot #    16600
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 12:33:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hamisha Humshei Torah
Title (Hebrew)    חמשה חומשי תורה
Author    [Bible]
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Joseph, Jacob, & Abraham Proophs
Publication Date    1754-56
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   280; [281]-445, [2]; [1], 446-491; 56 ff., 129:76 mm., usual light age staining. A good copy bound in modern full leather boards.
   Pocket size Pentateuch with the Targum and Rashi commentary. Proops was a family of Hebrew printers, publishers, and booksellers in Amsterdam for three centuries. Begun by Solomon b. Joseph (d. 1734), whose father may have been a Hebrew printer as well, established as a bookseller in Amsterdam and associated with other printers from 1697 to 1703. In 1704 he set up his own Hebrew press, which produced mainly liturgical books but also a wider range of works in halakhah, aggadah, Kabbalah, ethics, and history. In 1714 Proops began to print a Talmud edition in competition with that planned by Samuel b. Solomon Marches and Raphael b. Joshua de Palasios, but was forced by them to discontinue in view of their prior rabbinic monopoly. From 1715 productions by Proops carried advertisements of books he had published, and in 1730 he issued a sales catalog (Appiryon Shelomo), the first such Hebrew publication.

At his death, appointed guardians continued to operate the press, and even when his sons Joseph (d. 1786), Jacob (d. 1779), and Abraham (d. 1792) took over, they traded under the old name until 1751. Between 1752 and 1765 the sons - now under their own name - printed a Talmud edition with interruptions, which were due in part to attempts to print a Talmud in Sulzbach, against which they successfully asserted their own rabbinical monopoly. In 1761 they bought the typographical material of the Athias press, but business declined. In 1785 Joseph Proops sold most of his work to Kurzbeck of Vienna, and when he died a year later his widow and sons - for some time in partnership with Abraham Prins - continued printing on a small scale until 1812. From 1774 to his death Jacob Proops worked on his own; his widow and sons continued along until 1793 and until 1797 in partnership with Solomon (d. 1833), son of Abraham Proops; Solomon worked alone until 1827. Abraham Proops had been active on his own in 1776–79; afterward he removed his business to Offenbach, but his son, who worked with him, returned to Amsterdam at his father's death. David, a son of Jacob Proops, printed from 1810 to 1849 in partnership with H. van Emde and his widow, when the press was sold to Levisson who continued it until 1869; the Levisson brothers remained active until 1917.

Paragraph 2    וחמש מגילות, עם תרגום אונקלוס [לתורה], עם פירוש... רש"י ז"ל ועם כמה תוספות מרש"י ישן. ובסופו הפטרות מכל השנה... עם פירוש המלות... נתחדש בו סימנים ומספר התרי"ג מצות... הצבנו ברש"י כל פסוקי ההתחלות באותיות מרובעות... [א-ב].

רפ דף: בראשית-ויקרא. בשער הפרט: בשנת לא י'מ'ו'ש' ס'פ'ר התורה הזה מפיך' [תקט"ז]. [רפא]-תמה, [2] דף, עם שער מיוחד: ספר במדבר אלה הדברים... טוב' לי תורת' פ'י'ך' מאלפי זהב' וכסף [תקי"ד]. [1], תמו-תצא דף, עם שער מיוחד: חמש מגילות כמנהג קהילות האשכנזים והספרדים עם פירוש רש"י... בשנת וכתב י'ש'ר' ד'ברי א'מת [תקט"ו]. נו דף, עם שער מיוחד: הפטרות השנה כמנהג קהילות האשכנזים והספרדים עם פירוש המלות... [פרט השנה כמו במגילות]. נדפס דף-על-דף ושורה-על-שורה כמו הוצאת אמשטרדם תצ"ד. הטכסט של המקרא נדפס באותו סדר-אותיות של הוצאה בלי אונקלוס ורש"י, שנדפסה במקביל להוצאה הנוכחית (תקט"ו-תקט"ז). הטופס שראינו פגום, חסר בסוף (אחרי דף נו).

   CD-EPI 0201738; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Bible:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica