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Bidding Information
Lot #    16650
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 12:58:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Nieuwe Kaart van Suriname
Author    [Map - Surinam - American Judaica]
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    J. Ottens
Publication Date    c. 1700
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Map, 470:660 mm., light age staining, creased on folds.
   Map of Surinam, indicating the Jewish held plantations with full names and products produced. Surinam, Dutch Guiana, territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in N.E. South America, between Guyana (former British Guiana), Brazil, and French Guiana and bordered on the north by the Atlantic Ocean. Jews apparently arrived from Brazil or Holland and settled in Surinam as early as 1639. Jewish settlers enjoyed free exercise of their religious rites and usages under the rules of Surinam. Surinam surrendered to the Dutch in 1667 and the Jewish community continued to prosper under their rule, owning numerous slaves and plantations. By 1694 there were 92 Portuguese Jewish families and some 12 German Jewish ones in the colony, totaling 570 persons who had holdings of more than 40 plantations and 9,000 slaves.

The economic decline of the community was largely connected with the abolition of the slave trade in 1819 and the emancipation of the slaves in 1863. As the export of sugarcane dropped off during the 19th century, the inhabitants made efforts to adapt the soil to other uses; as their efforts failed, they moved largely to the coastal areas. In 1861 the archives of the former Jewish court at Joden Savanne were declared government property and put in the Surinam library, later transfered to The Hague in 1916.

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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
America-South America:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
History:    Checked
Other:    Map
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Dutch
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica