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Bidding Information
Lot #    16686
Auction End Date    12/5/2006 1:16:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Luach le-Sokhare Artzenu
Title (Hebrew)    '
Author    [Unrecorded]
City    Odessa
Publisher    Ha-Akhim Bletnitsky
Publication Date    1906
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 31, [1] pp., 140:95 mm., light age staining, not bound as issued. Unrecorded - not in CD-EPI.
          
Detailed
Description
   Pocket sized calendar with text in Yiddish and Russian for the Hebrew year [5]667 (1906-1907). The back cover includes advertisements for other publications (a Mahzor, for example) published by the same printing company. The calendar itself includes the dates for new moons, the order of parashot (the correct Torah reading for that week), the Perek (the correct chapter of Pirkei Avot [Chapters of the Fathers] to be recited that week), Holidays, fast days, candle-lighting times, etc. Page 4 includes a world chronology with two columns. One gives the Hebrew dates for such events as Abrahams birth (3718) Saul was crowned king (2783), etc. The other column gives other dates such as England is a state (1563) and America is discovered (416).

Interestingly, October, 1905 (shortly before this calendar was published) was the time of the pogrom of 1905 in Odessa. Robert Weinberg reports that the wave of anti-Jewish pogroms that swept the Pale of Settlement after Tsar Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto in 1905 reflected the ethnic and political tensions and hostilities that characterized popular unrest and marred the social landscape of late Imperial Russia in that revolutionary year. In the weeks following the granting of fundamental civil rights and political liberties , pogroms directed mainly at Jews but also affecting students, intellectuals, and other national minorities broke out in hundreds of cities, towns, and villages, resulting in deaths and injuries to thousands of people.

In the port city of Odessa alone, the police reported that at least 400 Jews and 100 non-Jews were killed and approximately 300 people, mostly Jews, were injured, with slightly over 1,600 Jewish houses, apartments, and stores incurring damage. These official figures undoubtedly underestimate the true extent of the damage, as other informed sources indicate substantially higher numbers of persons killed and injured. For example, Dmitri Neidhardt, City Governor of Odessa during the pogrom and brother-in-law of the future Prime Minister Peter Stolypin, estimated the number of casualties at 2,500, and the Jewish newspaper Voskhod reported that over 800 were killed and another several thousand were wounded. Moreover, various hospitals and clinics reported treating at least 600 persons for injuries sustained during the pogrom. Indeed, no other city in the Russian Empire in 1905 experienced a pogrom comparable in its destruction and violence to the one unleashed against the Jews of Odessa.

          
Reference
Description
   Robert Weinberg, The Pogrom of 1905 in Odessa: A Case Study in Pogroms: Anti-Jewish Violence in Modern Russian History, John D. Klier and Shlomo Lambroza, eds. (Cambridge,1992): 248-89
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Calendar
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew, Russian
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica