||Pocket sized calendar with text in Yiddish and Russian for the Hebrew year 667 (1906-1907). The back cover includes advertisements for other publications (a Mahzor, for example) published by the same printing company. The calendar itself includes the dates for new moons, the order of parashot (the correct Torah reading for that week), the Perek (the correct chapter of Pirkei Avot [Chapters of the Fathers] to be recited that week), Holidays, fast days, candle-lighting times, etc. Page 4 includes a world chronology with two columns. One gives the Hebrew dates for such events as Abraham’s birth (3718) Saul was crowned king (2783), etc. The other column gives other dates such as England is a state (1563) and America is discovered (416).
Interestingly, October, 1905 (shortly before this calendar was published) was the time of the pogrom of 1905 in Odessa. Robert Weinberg reports that “the wave of anti-Jewish pogroms that swept the Pale of Settlement after Tsar Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto in 1905 reflected the ethnic and political tensions and hostilities that characterized popular unrest and marred the social landscape of late Imperial Russia in that revolutionary year. In the weeks following the granting of fundamental civil rights and political liberties , pogroms directed mainly at Jews but also affecting students, intellectuals, and other national minorities broke out in hundreds of cities, towns, and villages, resulting in deaths and injuries to thousands of people.
In the port city of Odessa alone, the police reported that at least 400 Jews and 100 non-Jews were killed and approximately 300 people, mostly Jews, were injured, with slightly over 1,600 Jewish houses, apartments, and stores incurring damage. These official figures undoubtedly underestimate the true extent of the damage, as other informed sources indicate substantially higher numbers of persons killed and injured. For example, Dmitri Neidhardt, City Governor of Odessa during the pogrom and brother-in-law of the future Prime Minister Peter Stolypin, estimated the number of casualties at 2,500, and the Jewish newspaper Voskhod reported that over 800 were killed and another several thousand were wounded. Moreover, various hospitals and clinics reported treating at least 600 persons for injuries sustained during the pogrom. Indeed, no other city in the Russian Empire in 1905 experienced a pogrom comparable in its destruction and violence to the one unleashed against the Jews of Odessa.