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Bidding Information
Lot #    19136
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 10:06:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zavva'at R. Eli'ezer ha-Gadol
Title (Hebrew)    מדרש עשרת הדברות וצוואת רבי אליעזר הגדול
Author    [Hasidim]
City    Zhitomir
Publisher    Shapira Brothers
Publication Date    1850
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   66 pp., 164:106 mm., light age staining, lower blank part of title filled in. A very good copy bound in modern boards. Rare.
   Two popular ethical and kabbalistic works in one volume. The Zavvah is attributed to R. Eliezer b. Isaac of Worms (also called "Eliezer ha-Gadol"; 11th century), German talmudic scholar. R. Eliezer was a pupil of his relative R. Simeon ha-Gadol, in Mainz, and later of R. Gershom Me'or ha-Golah, and R. Judah ha-Kohen, author of Sefer ha-Dinim. He was a friend of R. Jacob b. Jakar (Rokeah, Ha-Tefillah 21; R. Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Mazref le-Hokhmah 14:2). After the death of R. Gershom, he and R. Jacob b. Yakar headed the yeshiva of Mainz, which numbered among its pupils R. Isaac ha-Levi and R. Isaac b. Judah, the teacher of Rashi, who mentions R. Eliezer several times in his commentaries to the Bible (e.g., Ps. 76:11) and the Talmud (Pes. 76b) calling him "ha-Gadol" or "ha-Ga'on." A number of R. Eliezer's decisions and instructions have been preserved in works issuing from Rashi's school, including the Sefer ha-Pardes. R. Menahem b. Judah di Lonzano attributes to R. Eliezer the well-known work, Orhot Hayyim or Zavva'at R. Eli'ezer ha-Gadol, which had previously been attributed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus. The suggestion that R. Eliezer was the father of R. Tobiah b. Eliezer, author of the Lekah Tov, is without firm foundation. The selihah "Elohai Basser" recited in the Yom Kippur Katan service, which bears R. Eliezer's name in acrostic form, has been attributed to him.
Paragraph 2    An early Zhitomir imprint. In 1847 the Shapira printing press was established by the three brothers Hanina Lipa, Aryeh Leib, and Joshua Heschel Shapira, sons of R. Samuel Abraham Abba Shapira, the printer in Slavuta. Until 1862 this was one of the only two Hebrew presses the Russian government permitted to operate in the whole of Russia, the other being in Vilna. This press had 18 hand presses and four additional large presses. In 1851 Aryeh Leib broke away and established his own printing press in Zhitomir. In these two establishments only sacred books of every kind were printed and all Jewish laws were observed (i.e. Sabbath closure, fair salaries, etc.).
   Not in CD-EPI; Vinograd 80 (unseen); EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
Kabbalah:    Checked
Other:    Ethics
Language:    Hebrew, Yiddish
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica