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Bidding Information
Lot #    19278
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 11:16:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Torat ha-Nikor ha-Shalem
Title (Hebrew)    תורת הנקור השלם
Author    [First Ed.] R. Saul Simhah Malin
City    Bialystok
Publisher    (Zbar)
Publication Date    1926
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. 152 pp. octavo 222:155 mm., wide margins, usual age staining. A good copy loose in contemporary boards, split.
   First edition of this illustrated on the laws of shehitah and the parts of the animal by R. Saul Simhah ben Joseph Shraga Malin. There are two title pages, the second with a Magen David in the middle the six rules of nikkur (removing by porging (nikkur) the organs to which the forbidden fat is attached). More detailed than the first title page it also enumerates in greater detail those laws dealing with ritual slaughter of animals explained in the book. There are approbations from R. Elijah Klatskin of Lublin and R. Judah Leib Fine of Slonim. A table of contents lists the books eighteen chapters, followed by R. Malin’s introduction, a bibliography, preface, summary of the principles, and the text in a single column in square letters. At the beginning of the text are two full page illustrations of and its parts, and in the book are several additional illustrations of the animal parts under discussion.

Shehitah is the Jewish method of slaughtering permitted animals or birds for food. The underlying principle of the procedure is to kill the animal in the swiftest and most painless way possible by cutting horizontally across the throat, severing the trachea (windpipe), the esophagus, the jugular veins, and the carotid arteries. The knife (see below) is drawn across the throat of the animal in one or more swift, uninterrupted movements. In the case of animals most of the trachea and esophagus must be severed, while with birds it is sufficient to sever the largest part of either one. In the first instance, however, both are severed even in birds. "Then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock which the Lord hath given thee, as I have commanded thee" (Deut. 12:21) is the Pentateuchal basis of shehitah. Maimonides lists shehitah among the 613 commandments (Sefer ha-Mitzvot, 146) and rabbinic authorities state (Hul. 28a): "Moses was instructed concerning the rules of shehitah." It is forbidden to eat certain portions of "clean" animals. The sciatic nerve (nervus ischiadicus), for instance, must be removed before any animal, other than a bird, can be prepared for consumption. The prohibition is traced back to the blow inflicted upon Jacob: "Therefore the children of Israel eat not the sinew of the thigh-vein which is upon the hollow of the thigh unto this day" (Gen. 32:33). The fat portions (helev), attached to the stomach and intestines of an animal, sacrificed on the altar in biblical and Temple times, are also forbidden for consumption. They must be removed by porging (nikkur) the organs to which they are attached. The abdominal fat of oxen, sheep, or goats, unless it is covered by flesh, is forbidden (Lev. 3:17; 7:23–25).

Paragraph 2    כולל חלק הפנים, חלק אחורים ואברים הפנימיים עם ציורים ותמונות (ולמען יהיה דבר שוה לכל נפש יבאו הענינים הנחוצים למעשה "משפט הנקור" גם ביהודית)... נוסף לזה (אור שמחה, חוברת א, כולל) חידושים בגפ"ת ושאלות ותשובות להלכה, מאת הרב (שאול) שמחה מאלין מו"צ בביאליסטאק בהגאון מרן (יוסף) שרגא פייבל זצ"ל שהיה ראב"ד דק' בריסק...

עמ' [77]-152, עם שער מיוחד: הוספה לספר תורת הנקור השלם. אור שמחה. חוברת א... ביאליסטאק תרפ"ו.

הסכמות: ר' אליהו קלאצקין, לובלין, ז מנחם-אב תרפ"ה; ר' יהודא ליב פיין, סלונים, לו למב"י [כא אייר] תרפ"ו (בסוף הספר).

   BE tav 1142; EJ; CD-EPI 0145557
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica