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Bidding Information
Lot #    19296
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 11:25:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Blank & stamped Red Cross stationary
Author    [Holocaust]
City    Budapest
Publisher    Comite International de la Croix-Rouge
Publication Date    [1940's]
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Blank stationary, 294:212 mm., light age staining.
          
Detailed
Description
   Blank and stamped Red Cross stationary used by Jews in Budapest to forge identification papers during the Holocaust. The blank may have been provided by Raoul Wallenberg or his associate to assist in saving Jewish lives. In 1941 there were about 184,000 Jews in Budapest out of a total population of 1,712,000. Since the number of Christians considered as Jews, in accordance with the anti-Jewish laws then in force was 62,000, the total number of persons subjected to persecutions as Jews was 246,000. From Hungary's entry into the war in the summer of 1941 until the German occupation on March 19, 1944, 15,350 members of Budapest's Jewish population perished in labor detachments and through deportation. After the Germans entered Hungary, Eichmann's Sondereinsatzkommando and the Sztojay Government set up the Budapest Jewish Council, deprived the city's Jews of freedom of movement, and, on April 3, 1944, decreed the wearing of the yellow badge. By the end of July some 200,000 Jews had been herded together in about 2,000 houses distinctly marked with yellow badges. These Jews were to be deported in July–August, after the Jews of the provinces were deported. Rescue actions by neutral states (mainly Switzerland and Sweden) were started by Charles Lutz and Raoul Wallenberg in June–July. Thousands of Jews found shelter in so-called "protected houses," or in the legations of the neutral powers.
          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Hungary
  
Subject
History:    Checked
Other:    Holocaust
  
Characteristic
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica