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Bidding Information
Lot #    19297
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 11:26:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hiddushei Anshei Shem
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed. - Women] R. Solomon Kluger
City    Leipzig
Publisher    Fulroth
Publication Date    1860
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [2], 6, 146 ff., 215 :180 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, taped.
   Important work dealing with proper spelling of names in a get (divorce decree) by R. Solomon b. Judah Aaron Kluger (17851869), talmudist and halakhist. This book is directed against R. Eliezer Segal Landau (1778-1831) of Brody who had written against the authors dispensation with regard to a levirate woman. The publisher of this book was Rabbi Klugers son, R. Hayyim Judah, who bitterly attacks and criticises R. Landau in his introduction. The story that led to this book was as follows: a widow without children whose husband had no brothers sought to marry a new husband. Suddenly, her late husbands mother claimed that her own husband had had a son by a previous marriage who had run away to Brisk as a result of ill-treatment at the hands of his father. R. Kluger (1785-1869) reached a halakhic decision that there was absolutely no foundation to this claim and that the widow was free to remarry without halitzah. R. Landau bitterly opposed this decision and endeavoured to find support among his rabbinic colleagues against R. Kluger. This proved impossible and R. Kluger was supported by all the major rabbinic leaders of the day. The woman remarried and had a daughter despite doctors predictions that it was medically impossible for her to get pregnant. At the time, the birth was taken by all as conclusive proof that G-d Himself wanted to show that R. Klugers decision had been correct.

R. Kluger became known as the Maggid of Brody and as Ma-Ha-RSHa-K (Morenu ha-Rav Shelomo Kluger). He received his early education from his father, the rabbi of Komarov, who died during Solomon's boyhood. At 13 he went to Zamosc where he studied under R. Mordecai Reuben and R. Jacob Kranz, the famous maggid of Dubno. He soon became known as an illui ("prodigy"). For a time he lived in Rava where he became a shopkeeper, but failed. He was then prevailed upon to accept the post of rabbi at Kolki; from there he went to Josefov and in 1820 to Brody, where he remained for about 50 years. R. Kluger had a great reputation which still endures. A prolific writer, he wrote hundreds of responsa. He is said to have written 375 books, the numerical equivalent of his name Solomon; the list of his known works comprises no less then 174, of which 15 were published during his life and 15 posthumously. R. Kluger was an extremist in his orthodoxy, vehemently opposing the maskilim, whose influence was already making itself felt in Brody, and fighting against every endeavor to change the least important of religious customs prevalent in Eastern Europe. He led the opposition to the use of machine-baked unleavened bread for Passover, but in this he was actuated mainly by social considerations, claiming that it would rob many poor people of a much needed source of income on Passover.

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   CD-EPI 0164113; EJ; Wunder, Meorei Galicia, 3:612, 4:482,496
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
Other:    Women
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica