[Book List]  

PLEASE NOTE: All bidding for the auction currently underway
at our new website at www.virtualjudaica.com/

Bidding Information
Lot #    19302
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 11:28:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Peirush ha-Torah
Title (Hebrew)    פירוש התורה
Author    Don Isaac Abravanel
City    Hanau
Publication Date    1710
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [7], 3-343, [10], 11 ff., 346:200 mm., light age and damp staining, wide margins, some light foxing last several ff., ff. 4-7 misbound. A very good copy bound in later half leather and cloth boards, rubbed.
   Commentary to the Pentateuch. The book is divided into chapters, each containing an introduction in which he sets forth what in his opinion were the difficulties to be encountered in the chapter. These questions have no fixed number, sometimes amounting to over 40. Don Isaac states that he chose it as a means of initiating discussion and encouraging investigation (introduction to commentary on Joshua). Grammatical or philological explanations of the text are rarely given in his commentaries, since as he says, he relies wholly on the philological interpretations of his predecessors (mainly R. David Kimhi). His exegesis is characterized by lengthy expositions of the content and subject matter of Scripture. Each chapter is prefaced by a short resume of its content, followed by a lengthy excursus of the subject matter in the course of which he endeavors to resolve the problems raised in the introduction.

Don Isaac b. Judah Abravanel (1437-1508), received a careful education and was a pupil of R. Joseph Hayyim, rabbi of Lisbon. Well versed in Talmudic literature and in the learning of his time, endowed with a clear and keen mind, and full of enthusiasm for Judaism, he devoted his early years to the study of Jewish religious philosophy,and when scarcely twenty years old wrote on the original form of the natural elements, on the most vital religious questions, on prophecy, etc. His political abilities also attracted attention while he was still young. He entered the service of King Alfonso V. of Portugal as treasurer, and soon won the confidence of his master. Notwithstanding his high position and the great wealth he had inherited from his father, his love for his afflicted brethren was unabated. When Arzilla, in Morocco, was taken by the Moors, and the Jewish captives were sold as slaves, he contributed largely to the funds needed to manumit them, and personally arranged for collections throughout Portugal. He also wrote to his learned and wealthy friend Jehiel, of Pisa, in behalf of the captives. After the death of Alfonso he was obliged to relinquish his office, having been accused by King John II. of connivance with the duke of Bragança, who had been executed on the charge of conspiracy. Don Isaac, warned in time, saved himself by a hasty flight to Castile (1483). His large fortune was confiscated by royal decree. At Toledo, his new home, he occupied himself at first with Biblical studies, and in the course of six months produced an extensive commentary on the books of Joshua, Judges, and Samuel. But shortly afterward he entered the service of the house of Castile. Together with his friend, the influential Don Abraham Senior, of Segovia, he undertook to farm the revenues and to supply provisions for the royal army, contracts that he carried out to the entire satisfaction of Queen Isabella. During the Moorish war Abravanel advanced considerable sums of money to the government. When the banishment of the Jews from Spain was decreed, he left nothing undone to induce the king to revoke the edict. In vain did he offer him 30,000 ducats ($68,400, nominal value). With his brethren in faith he left Spain and went to Naples, where, soon after, he entered the service of the king. For a short time he lived in peace undisturbed; but when the city was taken by the French, bereft of all his possessions, he followed the young king, Ferdinand, in 1495, to Messina; then went to Corfu; and in 1496 settled in Monopoli, and lastly (1503) in Venice, where his services were employed in negotiating a commercial treaty between Portugal and the Venetian republic (Zurita, "Historia del Rey Don Fernando el Católico," v. 342a).

Paragraph 2    מהחכם השלם דון יצחק אברבנאל זצ"ל ... ועתה הוסיף ... הענריך יעקב מבאסהייזין, דאקטר ופראפעשיר ודרשן בהענוויא, להדפיסו זה שנית עם תוספות נופך ... וסימנים ... וגם לרבות ... מראה מקומות ... בדפוס לשון הקדש אשר הוקם עתה מחדש בעיר הזאת.

דף [2,א-7,א]: שער נוסף, הקדשה והקדמה בלאטינית. השער הלאטיני: R. Isaaci Abrabanelis ... cummentarius in pentateuchum Mosis ... com accessionibus marginalibus ... ... Henrico Iacobo Van Bashvysen דף [1-9] (מן הספירה השלישית): מפתח עניינים בלאטינית. דף [10] ,א-יא: בית שער קטן ... (סימנים על מקצת דמקצת חדושי ... ארבנאל) [עם שער מיוחד].

דף [7,ב]: הסכמות ר' נפתלי הכהן, ורנקפורט דמיין, [בלא תאריך]; ר' שלמה אאילייון, אמשטרדם ד מנחם-[אב] תס"ט; ר' יהודא ליב [ב"ר דוד] אמשטרדם, טו תמוז תס"ט; ר' משה ב"ר אברהם ברודא מפראג, הענא, ט ניסן ת"ע.

   CD-EPI 0106707; EJ; JE
Associated Images
2 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
  Order   Image   Caption
  1   Click to view full size  
  2   Click to view full size  
Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Bible:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica