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Bidding Information
Lot #    19350
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 11:52:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Zeman Zemanim Zemanehem
Title (Hebrew)    פלפול על זמן זמנים זמניהם
Author    [Anti-Christian Parody] R. Jonah Rapa.
City    London
Publisher    J. Jacobs
Publication Date    1908
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [4], iv, [1], 83 pp. octavo 210:130 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in the original boards.
   Anti-Christian satire attributed to R. Jonah Rapa (c. 380). This work was sufficiently rare and unknown so that the entry on satire in the Jewish Encyclopedia refers to it as being known “only to students . . . The "Haggadah" of Jonah Rapa (c. 1380), still in manuscript, is a vehement denunciation of the licentiousness indulged in by Gentiles during the carnival.” The book opens with a reproduction of the title page of the Montefiore manuscript (no. 454), followed by the title page of this volume, which informs that it was brought to press by Gershon ben Joseph Biloski, a dedication to R. Michael Friedlander, and an English introduction. That introduction describes the book as the perhaps most elaborate which Hebrew literature contains. It states that the original subject of the book was the Passover Haggadah, changed into a description of the carnival revels, the Lenten ceremonies and processions of Italian cities. In this satire the original words of the Haggadah are largely retained. Biloski writes that parodies throw light on the development and decline of belief and custom, putting into fitting language the thoughts of thousands of quiet, thoughtful men. He suggests that R. Rapa lived at Vercelli or at Casale and was the author of other satires. He also states that he neither approves or accepts the author’s statements and even disassociates himself from them, presenting the parody as a literary and historic document.

Among the subjects addressed in Zeman Zemanim Zemanehem is concerned with Christian ceremonies, Carnival, Lent, belief in the Madonna, a monkish quarrel in Madrid, saints, orders of knighthood, and the Jesuits in China. The text is set in Hebrew in square letters in a single column.

Paragraph 2    מיוחס לר' יונה רפא, ע"פ כ"י מונטיפיורי 454 ... הוציאו לאור [עם הערות ועם מבוא באנגלית] גרשון בן יוסף בילאסקו <בראמסגעט> >בעזרת ובתמיכת הישיבה "אהל משה ויהודית" בראמסגעט<.

פארודיה, בסגנון ההגדה של פסח, על הכנסיה הנוצרית. עי': 1909 ,58 ,REJ, עמ' 151-150. ועי' מאמרו של ישראל דודזון, ZFHB 1910 ,14,, עמ' 23-20.

   CD-EPI 0168120
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Parody:    Checked
Polemics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica