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Bidding Information
Lot #    19423
Auction End Date    11/13/2007 12:29:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Megillat Sefer; Jeremiah ha-Navi
Title (Hebrew)    מגלת ספר; ירמיה הנביא
Author    [First Ed.] R. Jacob Emden; Dr. Moses Lazarus
City    Warsaw
Publisher    Akhiasaf
Publication Date    1896; 1897
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First edition. Two works in one volume. Frontispiece, VIII, 230; 85 pp., 200:126 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Autobiography of R. Jacob b. Zevi Ashkenazi of Emden (pen name Yavez; derived from Ya'akov Ben Zevi; 1697–1776), rabbi, halakhic authority, kabbalist, and anti-Shabbatean polemicist. R. Emden was regarded as one of the outstanding scholars of his generation. R. Emden's teacher was his father R. Zevi Hirsch Ashkenazi (Hakham Zevi). He inherited his father's interest in secular studies, his dissociation from the Ashkenazi method of study (pilpul) and customs, his stormy, independent, and uncompromising character, and his devotion to the campaign against the Shabbateans and their sympathizers. In addition, he possessed a fine literary talent, a critical tendency and a knowledge unusual for his age of general non-halakhic Jewish literature. He was also familiar with sciences and languages (German, Dutch, Latin). Despite his distinguished descent and his remarkable talmudic attainments, R. Emden occupied no official position, with the exception of a few years as rabbi of Emden (1728–1733). This made it possible for him to be exceptionally critical toward the society and the tradition of his time. He was more on guard about anything that he considered hillul ha-Shem (bringing the name of the Jew into disrepute) than for the good name of the rabbinate and of the community. He made extensive use of the private printing press he founded in Altona to disseminate his views.

His important halakhic works are: Lehem Shamayim, on the Mishnah (pt. 1, 1728; pt. 2, 1768); a letter of criticism against R. Ezekiel Katzenellenbogen, rabbi of Altona (1736); responsa, She'elat Yavez (2 pts. 1738–59), Mor u-Kezi'ah, on the Shulhan Arukh, OH, (2 pts., 1761–68). In addition, he published an important edition of the prayer book (whose parts had different names) with a valuable commentary (1745–48). This prayer book was reprinted several times. His main historical importance lies in his campaigns against the Shabbateans to which he dedicated many years. He relentlessly examined and investigated every suspicious phenomenon pertaining to the sect. He called upon the contemporary rabbis to publish excommunications and mercilessly attacked anyone suspected of supporting or showing sympathy to the Shabbateans. The Shabbateans were accustomed to introduce hints of their secret doctrine into their literary works, particularly in the field of Kabbalah. Consequently, R. Emden became an expert in uncovering such allusions and hidden meanings, and developed an extraordinarily sharp critical faculty by which he could recognize any suggestion of the Shabbatean heresy. Many books in which no one saw anything to which objection could be taken, were condemned by him as heretical. Though at times he was at fault and suspected the innocent without cause, his judgment in general was sound.

Bound with Jeremiah ha-Navi by Dr. Moses (Moritz) Lazarus (Warsaw 1897), translated into Hebrew from the original German, Der Prophet Jeremias (Breslau 1894) by Reuven Brenin.

          
Paragraph 2    כולל תולדות וזכרונות... ר' יעקב ישראל עמדן הנקרא יעב"ץ, אשר כתב בעצמו על ספר. יוצא לאור ראשונה מתוך כ"י הנמצא בעיר אכספורד... עם מבוא הגהות והערות וקורות הגאון יעב"ץ האחרונים, מאת דוד כהנא...

שמו של המו"ל באותיות קיריליות. עמ' VIII-VII: מגלת ספר. חתום: ד[ברי] ה[מאספים]; דברי-מבוא ב"המאסף" לשנת תק"ע, עמ' עט-פא, לקטע מתוך "מגלת ספר", שנדפס שם, עמ' פא-צז.

מאת פרופיסור ד"ר משה לאצארוס, מתורגם מאשכנזית על ידי ראובן בן מרדכי בריינין...

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0155863; 0142311
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica