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Bidding Information
Lot #    20165
Auction End Date    4/1/2008 10:16:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Letter by Hebron Rabbis, R. Mani, R. Franco
Title (Hebrew)    כתב מרבני חברון
Author    [Ms. - Community]
City    Hebron
Publication Date    1882
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [2] pp., 288:228 mm., usual age staining, creased on folds, ink on paper, signed, sealed, and dated.
          
Detailed
Description
   Letter in French given to the Shadar. R. Hayyim b. Valid, for completion in France, requesting assistance from the yet unnamed donor, signed and sealed by:

R. Rahmim Joseph Franco (1835-1901), born in Rhodes, came to Jerusalem in 1868. He served in the Bet Din of R. Jacob Elyashar, was appointed chief rabbi of Hebron in 1878 where he served until his passing.

R. Elijah b. Suleiman Mani (1818–1899) rabbi of Hebron and one of the best known Iraqi rabbis, born in Baghdad, where he studied at the Beit Zilka rabbinical academy and was one of the outstanding pupils of R. Abdallah Somekh. In 1856 he settled in Erez Israel, first in Jerusalem, but two years later he moved to Hebron. He played a prominent role in the development of the Jewish community there. In 1865 he was appointed chief rabbi of Hebron and retained this post until his death. By nature an unassuming and generous man, he was outspoken and adamant in matters of religious observance. He made several journeys on behalf of the Hebron community: to India in 1873; Egypt, 1872 and 1878; and Baghdad 1880. In 1879–80 a fierce argument broke out between R. Elijah and two prominent members of the community, Mercado Romano and R. Rahamim Joseph Franco, which split the community into two factions. In the end R. Elijah's views prevailed. R. Elijah wrote several books dealing with traditional and mystical Jewish studies. Of these, the following were published: Zikhronot Eliyahu, a collection of religious precepts, arranged in alphabetical order, of which two parts appeared (Jerusalem, 1936, 1938); and Karnot Zaddik (Baghdad, 1867). Many of his responsa were published in the Jerusalem Me'assef and in the writings of contemporary rabbinic scholars.

R. Moses b. David Kimhi (b. 1809) was born in Bosnia and arrived in Hebron in 1820. He was Rosh Yeshiva and a member of the Bet Din from 1839.

Also signed are R. Hayyim Israel (Ricardo) Dumani, R. M. Hasoon and two community seals.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; Enc. leToldot Hakhmei Erez Israel
        
Associated Images
2 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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  1   Click to view full size  
  
  2   Click to view full size  
  
  
Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    French
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica